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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the single most common post-operative complication after on-pump cardiac surgery, ranging from roughly 25% in CABG procedures, up to 65% in valve replacement procedures. The presence of AF in cardiac surgery patients doubles the morbidity amongst these patients, as well as raising the mortality rates. VitC is an electron donor for a number of enzymatic systems, reducing potentially harmful free radicals. In post-procedural AF, there is increased peroxynitrite concentration, which is a target for vitamin C. A randomized, double blind study will be conducted in order to establish the efficiency of vitamin C as prophylaxis for postoperative AF.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Prevention
University General Hospital Attikon
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:27-0400
Comparison of Effectiveness of Ranolazine Plus Metoprolol Combination vs. FlecainidE pluS Metoprolol Combination in ATrial Fibrillation Recurrences FOllowing PhaRmacological or Electrical CardioverSion of AtRial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice with a prevalence reaching 5% in patients older than 65 years and an incidence that increases progressively with...
This is a sigle-center, prospective study to evaluate the role of D-Dimer testing in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving Dabigatran or warfarin anticoagulation therapy.
The purpose of this study is to determine if preforming a posterior left pericardiotomy prevents atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.
The objective of this registry is the characterization of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with confirmed valvular heart disease (VHD) who are prescribed edoxaban in a real-life clin...
ACS are a potent risk factor for AF, with new onset AF occurring in up to 1 in every 5 patients hospitalized with an ACS. Despite its relatively frequent occurrence and the many etiologic...
Is the prescription right? A review of non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulant (NOAC) prescriptions in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Safe prescribing in atrial fibrillation and evaluation of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants in stroke prevention (SAFE-NOACS) group.
Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are a major advance for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). Use of the vitamin K antagonist (VKA), warfarin, has dropped 40% since 2010 ...
To assess the relationship between preoperative vitamin D (vitD) supplementation and the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF).
Deficiency of testosterone was associated with the susceptibility of atrial fibrillation. Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists were shown to reduce atrial fibrillation by improving atrial electrical re...
Chronic anticoagulation is recommended in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative to warfa...
Radiofrequency ablation has become a safe and effective treatment for atrial fibrillation. We believe that referral to an electrophysiologist for consideration of ablation may allow for better rhythm ...
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...