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Factor XIII and Pulmonary Embolism in Neurosurgical Patients

2014-08-27 03:14:28 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Two studies (Gerlach et al. 2000; Gerlach et al. 2002) described the impact of factor XIII on the risk of prospective hemorrhage for patients undergoing craniotomy. Since then, factor XIII is measured and substituted in various centers. Few reports support the idea of factor XIII being involved in the formation of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. In this prospective observational study, patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumors or vascular lesions are investigated concerning the incidence of postoperative pulmonary embolism in respect of possible risk factors (factor XIII activity levels, standard coagulation parameters, tumor entity, blood loss).

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Brain Tumor

Location

Department of Neurosurgery, LMU
Munich
Bavaria
Germany
81377

Status

Recruiting

Source

Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:28-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tissue NECROSIS in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Brain infarction is the result of a cascade of events initiated by inadequate blood flow through the brain that is followed by HYPOXIA and HYPOGLYCEMIA in brain tissue. Damage may be temporary, permanent, selective or pan-necrosis.

Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.

Antineoplastic agent especially effective against malignant brain tumors. The resistance which brain tumor cells acquire to the initial effectiveness of this drug can be partially overcome by the simultaneous use of membrane-modifying agents such as reserpine, calcium antagonists such as nicardipine or verapamil, or the calmodulin inhibitor, trifluoperazine. The drug has also been used in combination with other antineoplastic agents or with radiotherapy for the treatment of various neoplasms.

Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.

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