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The purpose of this study is to define subgroups of patients with somatoform disorders due to DSM-IV by immunological, psychological and genetic characterization.
Pain patients are defined as patients with a somatoform disorder due to DSM-IV, if chronic pain lasts for at least 6 months in several anatomical regions. Somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) have the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a general medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. The physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. Psychic factors exclusively or in combination with a medical disease factor influence onset, severity, exacerbation or maintenance of symptoms decisively. A subgroup of somatoform disorders, i.e., fibromyalgia, is a common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, headaches, and occasionally depression. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome. Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. Interleukins IL-1ß, IL-6 und tumor necrosis factor-a have been detected in the skin of these patients. Blockade of the 5HT3 receptor has been reported to alleviate chronic pain in tendopathy, fibromyalgia and autoimmune diseases. However, only a subgroup of patients responds to this therapy. It is supposed that patients with somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosed according to clinical criteria consist of immunologically heterogenous groups. However, up to now, the immunologic and genetic background of patients with somatoform disorders classified via DSM-IV has not been systematically evaluated. The study concentrates on the psychometric characterization of patients with pain disorder focusing on depression, anxiety, coping behavior, psychic trauma, alexithymia and somatoform symptoms. The present study is performed to define subgroups of patients with somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) by immunological, pyschologic and genetic characterization which may benefit from potential 5HT3 receptor antagonists or anti-inflammatory therapy.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Clinic of Anesthesiology, Dept. of Pain
University of Ulm
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:28-0400
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SOMATOFORM DISORDERS characterized by preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance not of delusional intensity but severe enough to impair social or occupational functioning. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1994)
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a general medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-IV)
A self-administered version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), a diagnostic tool containing modules on multiple mental health disorders including anxiety, alcohol, eating, and somatoform modules. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is designed specifically for mood/depression scoring each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria based on the mood module from the original PRIME-MD. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) scores 7 common anxiety symptoms.
Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.
State in which an individual perceives or experiences a sensation of unreality concerning the self or the environment; it is seen in disorders such as schizophrenia, affection disorders, organic mental disorders, and personality disorders. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
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Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...