Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study is to characterize the time to maturation of neutrophil extracellular trap(NET) formation capability in polymorphonuclear leukocytes(PMNs) isolated from newborn premature and term infants as well as infants <1 year of age undergoing elective surgery. This study will also determine whether NETs contribute to the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We hypothesize that NET formation contributes to the pathogenesis of NEC by inappropriately releasing degradative proteins and tissue destructive enzymes into the inflammatory milieu of the premature infant gastrointestinal tract following bacterial translocation. We also hypothesize that the delay in NEC development in premature infants (3rd - 4th week of life) as compared to at-risk term infants (1st week of life) results from a developmental delay in PMN ability to form NETs.
Prematurely born infants are at risk for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the most common gastrointestinal emergency encountered in the newborn intensive care unit. This disease occurs in between 5 - 10% of infants born at less than 30 weeks gestation or less than 1500 grams birth weight. In these patients, NEC routinely develops during the 3rd or 4th week of life. NEC rarely occurs in infants born closer to term; for these patients NEC usually develops during the 1st week of life. So far, no one has explained the inverse relationship between gestational age at birth and the delay in NEC development.
Recently, our laboratory described for the first time an inherent deficiency of innate immunity in newborn infants - failure of neutrophil extracellular trap formation. Neutrophil extracellular traps or NETs are complex lattices of extracellular chromatin and DNA decorated with anti-microbial proteins and degradative enzymes which trap and kill microbes. When the neutrophils of newborn infants develop the ability to form NETs and whether the maturation of NET formation correlates with development of NEC in at risk infants remains unknown.
We have therefore undertaken the following study best described as a prospective, in vitro longitudinal cellular biology study of LPS/PAF-stimulated PMNs isolated from the cord and peripheral blood of premature infants at risk for NEC and from term infants not considered at risk for NEC. We will also assay for NET formation in gastrointestinal tissue samples obtained at the time of surgery for severe NEC in enrolled prematurely born infants. These studies are the first of their kind and aim to answer these important questions.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
University of Utah
Salt Lake City
University of Utah
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:28-0400
The retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a public health problem, the main causes of ROP are prematurity, use of oxygen, malnutrition and oxidative stress. Vitamin E was used beforehand how...
Apnea of prematurity is a common condition that is usually treated with methylxanthines. Methylxanthines are adenosine receptor blockers that have powerful influences on the central nervou...
Purpose of Study: Apnea of Prematurity (AOP) is common, affecting the majority of infants born
The aims of this study are: 1. To assess the prevalence of prematurity, especially early prematurity, among T1D patients, and compare it to the prematurity prevalence among the non...
The investigators compared long-term refractive and biometric outcomes in children with retinopathy of prematurity who received two different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents...
To determine whether retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that persists beyond a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 45 weeks has abnormalities that can be documented by fundus photography or fluorescein angiograp...
The Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity (CO-ROP) model uses birth weight, gestational age, and weight gain at the first month of life (WG-28) to predict risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
Methylxanthines are the most commonly prescribed drug in neonatal setups. However, Clinicians show indecision in choosing the right agent for Apnea of Prematurity in most of the developing countries. ...
Visual impairment in children with regressive retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are diverse and widespread.
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major complication of preterm birth and has been associated with later visual and nonvisual impairments.
Monitoring of fetal heart frequency before birth in order to assess impending prematurity in relation to the pattern or intensity of antepartum UTERINE CONTRACTION.
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...