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Effect of Folic Acid on Primary Folate Forms in Relation to MTHFR

2014-08-27 03:14:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The common polymorphism in MTHFR gene (C677T) has a significant effect on (6S)-5-CH3-H4folate after folic acid supplementation. For example, post supplementation differences in (6S)-5-CH3-H4folate between CC and TT are above 30%.

Description

we aim to test the effect of low doses of folic acid with or without B6 and B12 on folate forms in relation to polymorphisms in folate catabolising enzymes in elderly people. Our hypothesis is that differences in folate forms after folic acid supplementation might be due to polymorphisms in folate catabolising enzymes. Therefore, folic acid might be retained by people with certain genotypes.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

the Effect of MTHFR C677T on Folate Metabolism

Intervention

folic acid plus B6 and B12, folic acid

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Saarland University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.

Cell surface receptors that bind to and transport FOLIC ACID, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, and a variety of folic acid derivatives. The receptors are essential for normal NEURAL TUBE development and transport folic acid via receptor-mediated endocytosis.

Derivatives of folic acid (pteroylglutamic acid). In gamma-glutamyl linkage they are found in many tissues. They are converted to folic acid by the action of pteroylpolyglutamate hydrolase or synthesized from folic acid by the action of folate polyglutamate synthetase. Synthetic pteroylpolyglutamic acids, which are in alpha-glutamyl linkage, are active in bacterial growth assays.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)

Proteins involved in the transport of FOLIC ACID and folate derivatives across the CELLULAR MEMBRANE.

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