Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common incident cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in the United States, with approximately 150,000 new cases and 57,000 deaths per year. High calcium intake and magnesium may protect against colorectal cancer and adenoma, however, results have been inconsistent. We found that genetic makeup, associated with magnesium absorption and re-absorption, significantly interacted with the calcium and magnesium ratio in relation to the both adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps. Participants who carried at least one 1482Ile allele (G->A)of TRPM7 and who consumed diets with a high calcium/magnesium ratio were at a higher risk of adenoma and hyperplastic polyps than were participants who did not carry the polymorphism. We hypothesize that the reduction in the dietary Ca/Mg ratio may change the markers directly related to tumorigenesis. The primary aims of this study are to conduct a randomized placebo-controlled intervention trial to test whether reducing the Ca/mg intake ratio through magnesium supplementation has effects on the related biomarkers. We will also examine whether the effect of modulating Ca/Mg intake ratio may be more pronounced among those who carry the 1482Ile allele compared those who don't carry the 1482Ile allele. Results from our study will help to identify people at a high risk of colorectal adenoma and to develop personalized strategies to prevent occurrence of colorectal adenoma, and thus, colorectal cancer through dietary change or nutritional fortification.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Magnesium glycinate, Placebo
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:32-0400
Magnesium sulphate is given to the patients during the colorectal cancer surgery under the hypothesis that it would attenuate the postoperative hypercoagulability. The investigators intend...
One striking observation is that a large portion of the inter-person variation in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels is unexplained. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate vitamin D...
The primary objective of this clinical trial is to demonstrate the superiority of Natural Calm magnesium powder with respect to absorption when compared to three marketed forms of magnesiu...
Calcium Gluconate and Magnesium Sulfate in Preventing Neurotoxicity Caused By Oxaliplatin in Patients Receiving Combination Chemotherapy for Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Colorectal Cancer That Has Been Completely Removed By Surgery
RATIONALE: Calcium gluconate and magnesium sulfate may prevent or lessen neurotoxicity caused by oxaliplatin. It is not yet known whether calcium gluconate and magnesium sulfate are more e...
This study aims to determine how a 6-week magnesium supplementation with 400 mg magnesium from magnesium citrate/magnesium oxide affects stress parameters in students in exam preparation.
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and severe side-effect in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. This study assessed the association between habitual dietary intake of magnesi...
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death among U.S. women. Women report being screened for colorectal cancer less often than men, and if colorectal cancer screening guidelines were...
Molecular aberrations in KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA have been well-described in advanced colorectal cancer. The incidences of other mutations are less known. We report results of molecular profiling...
Fatigue is frequent among oncologic patients. Unpurified Paullinia cupana dry extract showed encouraging results for chemotherapy-induced fatigue in our previous studies. We report two randomized, dou...
Colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States, is also among the most preventable cancers. However, Latino men are less likely than non-Latino men to engage in preve...
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...