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Primary hypothesis of this study is that aggressive BP control (lowering systolic BP below 120mmHg) will not increase the ischemic lesion volumes in hemisphere compared to modest BP lowering (lowering systolic BP below 140mmHg) in the patients with symptomatic severe intracranial atherosclerosis
The benefits of BP lowering in the prevention of primary and secondary prevention of stroke is established well, although absolute target BP level is uncertain. Current guidelines defined the normal BP as <120/80mmHg and recommend individualized target BP level.
Large well performed stroke prevention trials consistently showed that reduction of 10/5mmHg in patients with systolic BP below 140mmHg had clear benefits in the prevention of cardiovascular events. However, we have a dilemma about BP control in the patients with severe intracranial atherosclerosis.
Aggressive BP control will be more effective in the prevention of overall cardiovascular events than modest BP control, but aggressive BP control will reduce cerebral perfusion in the territory of severe intracranial disease and may increase the risk of ischemic damage.
The study will try to reveal aggressive BP control in the patients with symptomatic severe intracranial atherosclerosis is not increase ischemic lesion volume in hemisphere to compare modest BP control.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Aggressive BP lowering, modest blood pressure lowering
Wonkwang University Hospital
Korea, Republic of
Asan Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:34-0400
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A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
A selective serotonin receptor antagonist with weak adrenergic receptor blocking properties. The drug is effective in lowering blood pressure in essential hypertension. It also inhibits platelet aggregation. It is well tolerated and is particularly effective in older patients.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
Constriction of arteries in the SKULL due to sudden, sharp, and often persistent smooth muscle contraction in blood vessels. Intracranial vasospasm results in reduced vessel lumen caliber, restricted blood flow to the brain, and BRAIN ISCHEMIA that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HYPOXIA-ISCHEMIA, BRAIN).
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