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Diabetes is highly prevalent in the elderly, afflicting about 20% of older adults aged 65-75 years and 40% of adults >80years of age. Management of hyperglycemia is challenging in the geriatric population in long-term facilities. Numerous factors place hospitalized patients at increased risk for hyperglycemia including aging, sedentary life, stress of medical and surgical comorbidities, and changes in antidiabetic regimen. In addition, elderly patients often experience changes in their nutritional intake and organ dysfunction which increase the risk of hypoglycemic events.
There are only a few retrospective studies in elderly patients analyzing quality of diabetes care and glycemic control adjusted for medications and presence of co-morbidities in long-term care facilities. In addition, no randomized controlled trials have demonstrated benefits of glycemic control on clinical outcome, quality of life, and rate of acute metabolic complications (hyperglycemia and hypoglycemic events) in long-term care facilities.
The investigators will conduct a retrospective study to determine the prevalence of diabetes, comprehensively describe the management of diabetes, and to evaluate the impact of quality of care and glycemic control on clinical outcome in elderly subjects admitted to two large long-term care facilities: Grady Health System (GHS) and Veterans Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Atlanta, Georgia between 1/01/08 to 12/31/08.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective
A.G. Rhodes Homes
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:34-0400
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Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Excessive thirst manifested by excessive fluid intake. It is characteristic of many diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS; and NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS. The condition may be psychogenic in origin.
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