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The aim of this study is to quantify the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in the elderly patient (>60y) after total hip or knee replacement surgery. The hypothesis is that the fast-track methodology with a mean hospital stay less than 3 days will help to minimize this reduction in memory and concentration.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction
no intervention, descriptive study
The Lundbeck Centre for fast-track hip/knee surgery
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:33-0400
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INTRODUCTION: Cognitive dysfunction is a frequent adverse event in the postoperative period, especially in elderly patients. The tests commonly used for the detection of postoperative cogn...
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A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.
A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.
A study that compares a group of participants receiving an intervention with a similar group from the past who did not.
Diminished or impaired mental and/or intellectual function.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
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