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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a prevalent condition mainly affecting females with disease onset at early puberty. It can lead to serious health problems and is associated with low bone mass which can persist with growth. Osteopenia is found to be an important prognostic factor for curve progression in AIS. Nutritional studies indicated AIS subjects had low dietary calcium intake. Evidences suggested that Vit D insufficiency could be present in AIS. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation can therefore be a viable treatment option for low bone mass in AIS subjects. The primary objective of this prospective randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial is to find out whether calcium and vitamin D supplementation can improve bone mineral density (BMD) in osteopenic AIS subjects. The secondary objective of this study is to evaluate whether the supplementation is effective in controlling curve progression in AIS.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Calcium 600mg plus Vit D 400 IU, Calcium 600mg plus Vit D 800 IU, Placebo
Prince of Wales Hospital
Hong Kong SAR
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:38-0400
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Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.
Intracellular signaling peptides and proteins that bind to CALCIUM. They undergo allosteric changes when bound to CALCIUM that affects their interaction with other signal-transducing molecules. They differ from CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTORS which sense extracellular calcium levels.
A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that react to varying extracellular CALCIUM levels. Calcium-sensing receptors in the PARATHYROID GLANDS play an important role in the maintenance of calcium HOMEOSTASIS by regulating the release of PARATHYROID HORMONE. They differ from INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM-SENSING PROTEINS which sense intracellular calcium levels.
A stromal interaction molecule that functions in the regulation of calcium influx following depletion of intracellular calcium in the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. It translocates to the plasma membrane upon calcium depletion where it activates the CALCIUM RELEASE ACTIVATED CALCIUM CHANNEL ORAI1.
Cation-transporting proteins that utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis for the transport of CALCIUM. They differ from CALCIUM CHANNELS which allow calcium to pass through a membrane without the use of energy.
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