Effect of Food Form on Satiety and Gastric Emptying

2014-08-27 03:14:38 | BioPortfolio


Our objective is to determine whether food form (liquid vs. solid) alters gastric emptying, satiety, and food intake, when all macronutrients and fiber are controlled. The study population will include 10 healthy women, who have a normal body mass index. We have chosen to evaluate only women because this is a small pilot study and one of our endpoints is gastric emptying. Gastric emptying is known to differ between men and women. Gastric emptying will be evaluated using the Smartpill technology, satiety will be evaluated using computerized visual analog scales/questions, and food intake will be measured by providing subjects with an ad libitum/buffet-style lunch.

Our hypothesis is that our subjects will be less hungry after they eat a solid breakfast compared to a liquid breakfast. We also hypothesize that our subjects will have a slower gastric emptying time after they eat the solid meal. Lastly, we think subjects will want to eat less food at lunch time if they have eaten a solid meal compared to a liquid meal for breakfast.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional




Liquid Breakfast, Solid Breakfast Meal


University of Minnesota
St. Paul
United States


Not yet recruiting


University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:38-0400

Clinical Trials [1930 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Influence of Having Breakfast on Cognitive Performance and Mood

Breakfast is often labelled the most important meal of the day. Parents and teachers quite often stress its importance for successful learning during the morning hours. With declining num...

Metabolic and Appetite Parameters Following Addition of Whey Protein to a Fat-based Breakfast

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the addition of whey protein to a breakfast high in fat content will influence acute metabolic and appetite responses, as well as respon...

Appetite Profile After Intake of Rye Breakfast Meal

Food structure influence metabolic response including appetite. Whole grain foods include a wide range of products; cracked or cut kernels, rolled flakes or milled to flour and used in fo...

Dietary Carbohydrate Consumption at Breakfast on Food Intake, Glycemic Response, and Subjective Appetite

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of carbohydrates of familiar breakfast meals on glycemic response, subjective appetite, and food intake in normal weight (NW) and overw...

Impact of a Low Carbohydrate Breakfast on Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Large glucose excursions at breakfast are prevalent in type 2 diabetes and can contribute to sustained hyperglycaemia across the day. Lowering consumption of dietary carbohydrate is known ...

PubMed Articles [6072 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A Lean Pork-Containing Breakfast Reduces Hunger and Glycemic Response Compared to a Refined Carbohydrate-Containing Breakfast in Adults with Prediabetes.

Replacing dietary refined carbohydrates (CHO) with protein may impact appetite and glucose and lipid metabolism in metabolically at-risk individuals. The objectives of this study were to assess the ef...

Altering the School Breakfast Environment Reduces Barriers to School Breakfast Participation Among Diverse Rural Youth.

The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast.

Prevalence of consumption and nutritional content of breakfast meal among adolescents from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey.

To estimate the prevalence of breakfast consumption and describe the foods and nutrients consumed at this meal and throughout the day by Brazilian adolescents.

Breakfast and Breakfast Cereal Choice and Its Impact on Nutrient and Sugar Intakes and Anthropometric Measures among a Nationally Representative Sample of Australian Children and Adolescents.

There is limited evidence in Australia that compares the nutritional impact of a breakfast cereal breakfast to a non-cereal breakfast, and includes the type of cereal. This study investigated the impa...

A High-Fat Compared with a High-Carbohydrate Breakfast Enhances 24-Hour Fat Oxidation in Older Adults.

The ability to oxidize fat is associated with a lower risk of chronic metabolic disease. Preclinical data in mice showed that a high-fat "breakfast" increased 24-h fat oxidation relative to a high-car...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The first meal of the day.

The action by which the surface of a liquid where it contacts a solid is elevated or depressed, because of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

A phenomenon in which the surface of a liquid where it contacts a solid is elevated or depressed, because of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.

The quality or state of being wettable or the degree to which something can be wet. This is also the ability of any solid surface to be wetted when in contact with a liquid whose surface tension is reduced so that the liquid spreads over the surface of the solid.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effect of Food Form on Satiety and Gastric Emptying"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Searches Linking to this Trial