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Our objective is to determine whether food form (liquid vs. solid) alters gastric emptying, satiety, and food intake, when all macronutrients and fiber are controlled. The study population will include 10 healthy women, who have a normal body mass index. We have chosen to evaluate only women because this is a small pilot study and one of our endpoints is gastric emptying. Gastric emptying is known to differ between men and women. Gastric emptying will be evaluated using the Smartpill technology, satiety will be evaluated using computerized visual analog scales/questions, and food intake will be measured by providing subjects with an ad libitum/buffet-style lunch.
Our hypothesis is that our subjects will be less hungry after they eat a solid breakfast compared to a liquid breakfast. We also hypothesize that our subjects will have a slower gastric emptying time after they eat the solid meal. Lastly, we think subjects will want to eat less food at lunch time if they have eaten a solid meal compared to a liquid meal for breakfast.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Liquid Breakfast, Solid Breakfast Meal
University of Minnesota
Not yet recruiting
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:38-0400
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The first meal of the day.
Little or no appetite for breakfast due to eating more food after dinner than during the meal and eating more than half of daily food intake after dinner hour.
The action by which the surface of a liquid where it contacts a solid is elevated or depressed, because of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A phenomenon in which the surface of a liquid where it contacts a solid is elevated or depressed, because of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
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