Topics

Effect of Food Form on Satiety and Gastric Emptying

2014-08-27 03:14:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Our objective is to determine whether food form (liquid vs. solid) alters gastric emptying, satiety, and food intake, when all macronutrients and fiber are controlled. The study population will include 10 healthy women, who have a normal body mass index. We have chosen to evaluate only women because this is a small pilot study and one of our endpoints is gastric emptying. Gastric emptying is known to differ between men and women. Gastric emptying will be evaluated using the Smartpill technology, satiety will be evaluated using computerized visual analog scales/questions, and food intake will be measured by providing subjects with an ad libitum/buffet-style lunch.

Our hypothesis is that our subjects will be less hungry after they eat a solid breakfast compared to a liquid breakfast. We also hypothesize that our subjects will have a slower gastric emptying time after they eat the solid meal. Lastly, we think subjects will want to eat less food at lunch time if they have eaten a solid meal compared to a liquid meal for breakfast.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Appetite

Intervention

Liquid Breakfast, Solid Breakfast Meal

Location

University of Minnesota
St. Paul
Minnesota
United States
55108

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:38-0400

Clinical Trials [2683 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Influence of Having Breakfast on Cognitive Performance and Mood

Breakfast is often labelled the most important meal of the day. Parents and teachers quite often stress its importance for successful learning during the morning hours. With declining num...

Metabolic and Appetite Parameters Following Addition of Whey Protein to a Fat-based Breakfast

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the addition of whey protein to a breakfast high in fat content will influence acute metabolic and appetite responses, as well as respon...

Effect of Kefir on Appetite

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of kefir, a natural probiotic, on appetite and postprandial glycemia in healthy subjects. A randomized, single-blind and 3-intervention cr...

Appetite Profile After Intake of Rye Breakfast Meal

Food structure influence metabolic response including appetite. Whole grain foods include a wide range of products; cracked or cut kernels, rolled flakes or milled to flour and used in fo...

Benefits of a Higher Protein, 'Egg-cellent' Breakfast in the Classroom

This study will test whether whether the implementation of 'Breakfast in the Classroom' improves school breakfast participation and breakfast consumption in middle school adolescents; whet...

PubMed Articles [6056 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison of the effects of a liquid breakfast meal with varying doses of plant-based soy protein on appetite profile, energy metabolism and intake.

A dose dependent satiating and thermogenic effect of animal-based protein has been observed, however, less is known wherever plant-based protein elicits same response. The purpose of the study was to ...

Meal timing, meal frequency, and breakfast skipping in adult individuals with type 1 diabetes - associations with glycaemic control.

We assessed meal timing, meal frequency, and breakfast consumption habits of adult individuals with type 1 diabetes (n = 1007) taking part in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study, and studied wh...

Frequency of breakfast consumption is inversely associated with the risk of depressive symptoms among Chinese university students: A cross-sectional study.

Eating breakfast has been proved to positively influence human health. However, evidence for the association between breakfast consumption and depressive symptoms is lacking, especially among young ad...

Breakfast Consumption Is Positively Associated with Usual Nutrient Intakes among Food Pantry Clients Living in Rural Communities.

Breakfast consumption has declined over the past 40 y and is inversely associated with obesity-related diet and health outcomes. The breakfast pattern of food pantry clients and its association with d...

Increasing blood glucose level via breakfast meals is not connected with changes in delay discounting.

Previous studies have revealed that increasing people's blood glucose level via drinking a soft drink containing sugar makes their financial decisions more future-oriented. This study extends these pr...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The first meal of the day.

Little or no appetite for breakfast due to eating more food after dinner than during the meal and eating more than half of daily food intake after dinner hour.

The action by which the surface of a liquid where it contacts a solid is elevated or depressed, because of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

A phenomenon in which the surface of a liquid where it contacts a solid is elevated or depressed, because of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effect of Food Form on Satiety and Gastric Emptying"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Trial