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Utility of Tissue Doppler Echocardiography for Selecting Patients for Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy

2014-08-27 03:14:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Currently the main selection tool for Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT) is the QRS duration on the surface echocardiography (ECG) which has been shown to be a poor predictor of response. We sought to evaluate the use of tissue Doppler (TDI) assessment of dyssynchrony in prediction of response to CRT.

The hypothesis is that the presence of mechanical dyssynchrony (measured using TDI echocardiography) successfully identifies heart failure patients who will respond to CRT. Conversely, the absence of mechanical dyssynchrony is associated with a low/no response to CRT.

This is a three arm study. Group 1 comprises patients with dyssynchrony on TDI who are implanted with a biventricular ICD whereas Group 2 patients comprise patients who have no dyssynchrony. Group 2 patients are randomised 1:1 to either receive a biventricular ICD (2a) or an ICD (2b). All patients undergo a NYHA class assessment, a cardiopulmonary exercise test, and an echocardiogram at baseline and at 6 months follow up. Baseline and 6 months findings will be compared in all three groups.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Heart Failure

Intervention

BiV ICD, ICD

Location

Barts and the London NHS Trust
London
United Kingdom
EC1A 7BE

Status

Recruiting

Source

Barts & The London NHS Trust

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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