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An Iron-containing Food Product for the Prevention of Diminished Iron Status in Soldiers

2014-08-27 03:14:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Military personnel face intense physical and cognitive demands. Diminished iron status affects physiologic responses to these challenges. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies indicate a significant decrement in iron status in enlisted female military personnel immediately following basic combat training (BCT). Decrements in iron status are associated with diminished cognitive and physical performance, and may affect body composition. The primary objective of this randomized, placebo controlled study is to assess the utility of an iron-containing food product for maintaining iron status during BCT. This study will provide insight into the utility and efficacy of an iron-containing food product for the maintenance of iron status during military training. Furthermore, it will provide novel scientific data regarding the relationship between iron status and physical and cognitive performance in female Soldiers.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Iron Deficiency

Intervention

Iron-containing food product

Location

Fort Jackson
Columbia
South Carolina
United States
29207

Status

Completed

Source

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.

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Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)

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Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...


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