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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as dacarbazine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Recombinant interferon alfa-2b may interfere with the growth of tumor cells. Giving interferon alfa-2b together with dacarbazine may be an effective treatment for primary uveal melanoma.
I. Assess disease-free survival (DFS) with sequential dacarbazine and interferon-alfa-2b as an adjuvant to primary therapy for patients with uveal melanoma with genetic imbalance.
I. Evaluate side effects and assess safety in the patient population. II. Examine the relationship between the levels of plasma biomarkers of immune function and tumor invasion and the clinical outcome.
OUTLINE: Patients receive dacarbazine IV on days 1 and 29. Beginning 4 weeks after the second dose of dacarbazine, patients receive recombinant interferon alfa-2b subcutaneously 3 times a week for 24 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ciliary Body and Choroid Melanoma, Medium/Large Size
recombinant interferon alfa-2b, dacarbazine, laboratory biomarker analysis
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:43-0400
RATIONALE: Interferon alfa-2b may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and slow the growth of melanoma. Giving interferon alfa-2b after surgery may keep the tumor cells from growing. ...
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A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.
Melanoma is a highly malignant tumor of melanin-forming cells (melanocytes) There are most commonly found in the skin (resulting from sunlight exposure), but also in the eyes and mucous membranes. Metastasis to other regions of the body is also common....
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