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This is a multicentric, prospective, observational study on the use of Gonal-f in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in subjects undergoing ovulation induction/ intrauterine insemination (OI/IUI) therapy across Taiwan. It has been observed in the previous studies that COH with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is considered as one of the positive predictors of an ongoing pregnancy. Many studies in the past have tried to predict the FSH threshold, defined as the FSH dose on the day when a follicle is >10 mm in diameter, but no studies have been conducted to date to determine the predictive factors for a monofollicular development after COH in IUI cycles. Monofollicular growth contributes significantly to the reduction of multiple pregnancies and thus minimize the risks associated with such pregnancies. This study would provide preliminary data on the factors associated with a monofollicular development in Gonal-f treated cycles using a low dose step-up regimen.
Ovarian stimulation improves the cycle fecundity rate in part by increasing the number of follicles available for fertilisation and correcting subtle, unpredictable ovulatory dysfunction. Intrauterine insemination is an established treatment for subfertility due to cervical factors, male factors, or unexplained etiology. Ovulation induction aims at the selection of a single follicle that would be able to reach the pre-ovulatory size and rupture. The ovarian sensitivity to FSH (FSH threshold) has to be identified to avoid multiple follicular development and hence, the lowest effective dose of FSH should be used in treating infertility.
Treatment in subjects is individualised and is monitored by serum estradiol (E2) measurements and ultrasound scans of the ovaries to assess the endometrial thickness. It has been observed in earlier studies that in OI for unexplained non-conception, induction of more than one follicle did not improve the ongoing pregnancy rate but increased the risk of multiple pregnancies. Therefore, to reduce the number of multiple pregnancies, in all IUI cycles for unexplained non-conception, monofollicular growth was suggested.
The 'low-dose step-up' protocol is the most suitable method to establish an appropriate FSH threshold, which involves a starting FSH dose of 75 IU/day given for 7 to 14 days. Subsequent dose increments of 37.5 IU/day at weekly intervals is determined based on the ovarian response, usually when a follicle of diameter ≥10 mm is not seen in the ovaries. Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is then injected when the leading follicle is ≥18 mm in diameter.
- To describe the outcome of treatment in a cohort of subjects undergoing OI/IUI therapy using Gonal-f
- To explore the predictive factors of ovarian response in OI/IUI therapy using a low-dose step-up regimen
This study planned to enrol 100 female subjects from 2 centres across Taiwan and each subject can receive up to 3 treatment cycles. Before undergoing a controlled ovarian stimulation with Gonal-f, a thorough gynaecologic and endocrinologic evaluation of the subject will be performed and the subjects will be given the first administration of Gonal-f low dose step up regimen for the controlled ovarian stimulation at the baseline visit. The objective of the Gonal-f therapy is to develop a single mature graafian follicle from which the ovum will be liberated after the administration of hCG. If a subject fails to respond adequately after 4 weeks of treatment, the cycle will be abandoned and the subject would recommence the treatment at a higher starting dose than in the abandoned cycle. If an excessive response is obtained, treatment would be stopped and hCG administration will be withheld and in the next cycle the treatment would start at a dosage lower than that of the previous cycle. Each enrolled subject will be followed up until the confirmation of her pregnancy status.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Gonal-f (Follitropin alpha)
Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, No.21 Nan-Ya S. Rd., Sec.2 Pan-Chiao
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:44-0400
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Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
(9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-Trihydroxyprost-13-en-1-oic acid (PGF(1 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11,alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acid (PGF(2 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S,17Z)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13,17-trien-1-oic acid (PGF(3 alpha)). A family of prostaglandins that includes three of the six naturally occurring prostaglandins. All naturally occurring PGF have an alpha configuration at the 9-carbon position. They stimulate uterine and bronchial smooth muscle and are often used as oxytocics.
The beta subunit of follicle stimulating hormone. It is a 15-kDa glycopolypeptide. Full biological activity of FSH requires the non-covalently bound heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit. Mutation of the FSHB gene causes delayed puberty, or infertility.
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