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With the advent of restrictions on public smoking, the tobacco industry has introduced a variety of novel smokeless tobacco products (NSTP) to allow continued tobacco use. These products typically have lower tobacco-specific nitrosamines, carcinogens and nicotine than conventional smokeless products out on the market. No studies have compared the effects of NSTP and medicinal nicotine products (MNP) in smokeless tobacco users and whether some of the NSTP products may serve as a cessation tool for smokeless tobacco users. Our hypothesis is that the effects from these products will be directly related to their nicotine content and sensory effects. Products that produce greater effects on outcome measures may serve as potential cessation tools.
Treatment will be a 3-period crossover study using Commit Nicotine Lozenge, Stonewall Disposable Tobacco Pieces and Camel Snus Frost Pouches. Each period will last 14 days with 11 days of product use and 1.5 days abstinence of all nicotine-containing products for a total of 10 weeks. Participants will begin the study by completing a baseline assessment on their own product, Skoal Wintergreen.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Nicotine Lozenge, Stonewall Dissolvable Tobacco Pieces, Camel Snus Frost, Skoal Wintergreen
Tobacco Research Center
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:06:37-0400
The proposed work will advance the understanding and effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment and result in more smokers quitting successfully.
The purpose of the study is to compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and assess bioequivalence between a new nicotine lozenge and a reference nicotine lozenge in healthy smokers
The purpose of the study is to compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and assess bioequivalence between a new nicotine lozenge and a reference nicotine lozenge in healthy smokers.
A comparison of two products for oral nicotine replacement with respect to relief of urges to smoke after single doses of nicotine.
The information gathered in this study may help to develop more effective ways to help people quit smoking and stay quit in the future.
Nicotine replacement medications are moderately effective in increasing quit rates. However, some smokers reject such aids, suggesting the value of considering alternative options. Snus, a smokeless t...
The use of Swedish oral moist snuff, known as snus, has for a long time been limited to the Scandinavian countries. With declining cigarette sales in the western world, tobacco companies have looked t...
This study investigated the effects of nicotine/tobacco on neural activation during performance of a monetary incentivized delay task.
E-cigarettes have potential to support tobacco cessation or reduction, but how nicotine content affects smokers' subjective perceptions and use of e-cigarettes, rather than tobacco, is unclear.
Confirming preclinical findings, nicotine in humans (via smoking) enhances reinforcement from non-drug rewards. Recent demonstration of similar effects with nicotine via e-cigarettes suggests they may...
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...