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Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) have a poor prognosis primarily due to cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular risk can be assessed by measurements of arterial stiffness. A decrease in stiffness has been shown to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease as well as death. Most of the CKD population also have hypertension and the control of blood pressure is one of the corner stones in inhibition of disease progression. Using drugs that specifically block the renin-angiotensin-system for blood pressure control has been shown to have a beneficial impact on inhibition of progression beyond that of the achieved blood pressure control. It has been reported that inhibition of the hormone aldosterone has a positive effect on survival in patients with heart failure, hypertension and diabetic as well as on-diabetic nephropathy.
This study undertakes the investigation of the influence on arterial stiffness of adding an aldosterone receptor inhibitor to the medication CKD patients are already taking. Besides the primary end point which is Pulse wave velocity (PWV), arterial stiffness is also quantified thorough ambulatory blood pressure measurements.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Kidney Disease
Dept. Nephrology, Herlev Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:44-0400
It is well known that Aldosterone (aldo) can cause hypertension (HBP). Since aldo is known to cause the kidney to retain sodium (Na) and Na retention is known to cause HBP, it has been th...
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The purpose of this study is to examine whether the inhibition of aldosterone will result in lower excretion of protein via urine. The hypothesis is that if loss of protein is lowered, pro...
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Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
Nephrology - kidney function
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