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Aldosterone Blockade in Chronic Kidney Disease: Influence on Arterial Stiffness and Kidney Function

2014-08-27 03:14:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) have a poor prognosis primarily due to cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular risk can be assessed by measurements of arterial stiffness. A decrease in stiffness has been shown to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease as well as death. Most of the CKD population also have hypertension and the control of blood pressure is one of the corner stones in inhibition of disease progression. Using drugs that specifically block the renin-angiotensin-system for blood pressure control has been shown to have a beneficial impact on inhibition of progression beyond that of the achieved blood pressure control. It has been reported that inhibition of the hormone aldosterone has a positive effect on survival in patients with heart failure, hypertension and diabetic as well as on-diabetic nephropathy.

This study undertakes the investigation of the influence on arterial stiffness of adding an aldosterone receptor inhibitor to the medication CKD patients are already taking. Besides the primary end point which is Pulse wave velocity (PWV), arterial stiffness is also quantified thorough ambulatory blood pressure measurements.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Disease

Intervention

Eplerenone

Location

Dept. Nephrology, Herlev Hospital
Herlev
Denmark
DK-2730

Status

Recruiting

Source

Herlev Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:44-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

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