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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease. We are studying whether high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant can replace the autoreactive immune system and if this reduces clinical inflammatory disease in the central nervous system (CNS). A second goal is to examine whether there is long-term stabilization or improvement in disability scores if the inflammatory disease is controlled.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
immuno-ablation and autologous CD34 selected hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT),, Standard Therapy
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Active, not recruiting
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:44-0400
Primary objective: To assess the differences in the overall survival at 3 years of a CD34+ cell selection versus no selection of hematopoietic progenitor cells harvested during peripheral...
Pilot Study of Total Body Irradiation in Combination With Cyclophosphamide, Anti-Thymocyte Globulin, and Autologous CD34-Selected Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Children With Refractory Autoimmune Disorders
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety and long term complications of total body irradiation in combination with cyclophosphamide, anti-thymocyte globulin, and autologous CD34-selected periph...
The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of administering high-dose chemotherapy followed by infusion of autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells...
The study is designed as a Pilot trial of reduced intensity Haploidentical HSCT in patients with sickle cell disease and thalassemia. The purpose of the study is to assess the safety and t...
Trial of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplants From HLA Compatible, Related and Unrelated Donors After a Myeloablative Preparative Regimen With Hyperfractionated TBI, Thiotepa and Fludarabine For Adult Patients With Lymphohematopoietic Disorders
This is a phase II, single-center study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel cytoreductive regimen followed by CD34+E- selected T cell depleted allogeneic stem cell (or soybean agglutinated...
Despite current therapies, diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) often has a devastating outcome. We compared myeloablative CD34+ selected autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantati...
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs)/OP9 coculture system is a widely used hematopoietic differentiation approach. The limited understanding of this process leads to its low efficiency. Thus, we used ...
In addition to stem cells, T-cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes are also collected and infused from the autograft in patients undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoie...
The dysfunctional nature of CD34 cells from heart failure (HF) patients makes them unsuitable for autologous stem cell therapy. In view of evidence that the vasoprotective axis of the renin-angiotensi...
Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.
A member of the prominin family, AC133 Antigen is a 5-transmembrane antigen occurring as several isoforms produced by alternative splicing which are processed into mature forms. In humans, it is expressed as a subset of CD34 (bright) human hematopoietic stem cells and CD34 positive leukemias. Functionally, it is associated with roles in cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Specifically, it regulates the organization of apical plasma membrane in epithelial cells, disk morphogenesis during early retinal development, MAPK and Akt signaling pathways, and in cholesterol metabolism.
The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.
A hematopoietic growth factor and the ligand of the cell surface c-kit protein (PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-KIT). It is expressed during embryogenesis and is a growth factor for a number of cell types including the MAST CELLS and the MELANOCYTES in addition to the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.
Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...