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Autologous Stem Cell Transplant for Multiple Sclerosis

2014-08-27 03:14:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease. We are studying whether high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant can replace the autoreactive immune system and if this reduces clinical inflammatory disease in the central nervous system (CNS). A second goal is to examine whether there is long-term stabilization or improvement in disability scores if the inflammatory disease is controlled.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

immuno-ablation and autologous CD34 selected hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT),, Standard Therapy

Location

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Ottawa
Ontario
Canada
K1H 8L6

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:44-0400

Clinical Trials [4325 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

CD34+ Selected ASCT for Aggressive Lymphomas

Primary objective: To assess the differences in the overall survival at 3 years of a CD34+ cell selection versus no selection of hematopoietic progenitor cells harvested during peripheral...

Pilot Study of Total Body Irradiation in Combination With Cyclophosphamide, Anti-Thymocyte Globulin, and Autologous CD34-Selected Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Children With Refractory Autoimmune Disorders

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety and long term complications of total body irradiation in combination with cyclophosphamide, anti-thymocyte globulin, and autologous CD34-selected periph...

Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Crohn's Disease

The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of administering high-dose chemotherapy followed by infusion of autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells...

Haploidentical Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Children With Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia Using CD34+ Positive Selected Grafts

The study is designed as a Pilot trial of reduced intensity Haploidentical HSCT in patients with sickle cell disease and thalassemia. The purpose of the study is to assess the safety and t...

Trial of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplants From HLA Compatible, Related and Unrelated Donors After a Myeloablative Preparative Regimen With Hyperfractionated TBI, Thiotepa and Fludarabine For Adult Patients With Lymphohematopoietic Disorders

This is a phase II, single-center study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel cytoreductive regimen followed by CD34+E- selected T cell depleted allogeneic stem cell (or soybean agglutinated...

PubMed Articles [21609 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Myeloablative Autologous Stem-Cell Transplantation for Severe Scleroderma.

Despite current therapies, diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) often has a devastating outcome. We compared myeloablative CD34+ selected autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantati...

Single-cell qPCR facilitates the optimization of hematopoietic differentiation in hPSCs/OP9 coculture system.

Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs)/OP9 coculture system is a widely used hematopoietic differentiation approach. The limited understanding of this process leads to its low efficiency. Thus, we used ...

Autograft immune effector cells and survival in autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

In addition to stem cells, T-cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes are also collected and infused from the autograft in patients undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoie...

Treatment options for high-risk multiple myeloma: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or two autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantations?

Cardiovascular risk and use of conicity index in patients submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

To analyze the prevalence of overweight and the use of conicity index for cardiovascular risk assessment in individuals submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

A member of the prominin family, AC133 Antigen is a 5-transmembrane antigen occurring as several isoforms produced by alternative splicing which are processed into mature forms. In humans, it is expressed as a subset of CD34 (bright) human hematopoietic stem cells and CD34 positive leukemias. Functionally, it is associated with roles in cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Specifically, it regulates the organization of apical plasma membrane in epithelial cells, disk morphogenesis during early retinal development, MAPK and Akt signaling pathways, and in cholesterol metabolism.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

A hematopoietic growth factor and the ligand of the cell surface c-kit protein (PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-KIT). It is expressed during embryogenesis and is a growth factor for a number of cell types including the MAST CELLS and the MELANOCYTES in addition to the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.

Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.

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