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Study of Nilotinib in Metastatic Melanoma With KIT Aberrations

2014-08-27 03:14:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Major response was observed to imatinib mesylate in KIT-mutated metastatic rectal melanoma (Hodi FS et al, J Clin Oncol 26:2046-2051, 2008). In the ASCO annual meeting in 2009ar, KIT mutations were reported to be present in 23% of acral and 15.2% of mucosal melanomas (Heinrich MC et al, J Clin Oncol 26:2008 abstr 9016). Nilotinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeting KIT, PDGFR, and Bcr-Abl and inhibiting the proliferating of both imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant cells in vitro. Phase I study of nilotinib alone and in combination with imatinib in patients with imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) demonstrated significant activity (72% stable disease for nilotinib alone and 56% for nilotinib/imatinib combination) (Blay JY et al, J Clin Oncol 26:2008, abstr 10553).

Thus, we propose to conduct a phase II study of nilotinib in metastatic melanoma with KIT mutations.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Metastatic Melanoma With KIT Aberration

Intervention

Nilotinib

Location

Samsung Cancer Center
Seoul
Korea, Republic of

Status

Recruiting

Source

Samsung Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:45-0400

Clinical Trials [1423 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Study of AMNN107 in the Treatment of Metastatic and/or Inoperable Melanoma Harboring a c-Kit Mutation

The purpose of this study is to determine whether nilotinib is efficacious in the treatment of metastatic and/or inoperable melanoma harboring a c-Kit mutation.

Nilotinib Pharmacokinetics (PK) in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)

In patients who are receiving nilotinib, nilotinib plasma levels will be measured after 1 month of nilotinib treatment. The relationship between surgery type and nilotinib pharmakokinetic ...

Nilotinib in Patients With Relapsed or Metastatic Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis/Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor/Diffuse-Type Giant Cell Tumor

Nilotinib is a drug that is used to treat a form of a blood cancer called leukemia. Nilotinib works by blocking the action of a protein that might be important for the growth of pigmented ...

Treatment of Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors in First Line With Nilotinib

The purpose of this multicenter, single-arm, exact binomial single-stage, phase II trial is to evaluate the efficacy of Nilotinib in patients with unresectable or metastatic gastrointestin...

Vaccine Therapy With or Without Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether combining melanoma vaccine with interleukin-2 is more effective than vaccine...

PubMed Articles [2326 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Induction of pigmentation by a small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib.

Skin color is determined by the melanin pigments that are produced in melanocytes then transferred to surrounding keratinocytes. Despite the growing number of commercial products claiming the pigmenta...

Efficacy of novel immunotherapy regimens in patients with metastatic melanoma with germline mutations.

Inherited mutation is a strong risk factor for cutaneous melanoma. Moreover, carriers have been found to have poor melanoma-specific survival. In this study, responses to novel immunotherapy agents i...

Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery for abdominal metastatic melanoma mimicking a gastrointestinal stromal tumor: A case report and review of the literature.

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy, which could metastasize at an early stage of the disease and associated with poor prognoses. Liver, small bowel, stomach, and colon ar...

Combined Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Melanoma Metastatic to the Brain.

Brain metastases are a common cause of disabling neurologic complications and death in patients with metastatic melanoma. Previous studies of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab in metastatic melanoma ...

Resorcinolic lipid 3-heptyl-3,4,6-trimethoxy-3H-isobenzofuran-1-one is a strategy μfor melanoma treatment.

Previous studies performed by our research group indicated that cytosporone analogues are capable of prevent or repair DNA damages. This work presents the evaluation of the activity of AMS35AA for met...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

An anti-CTLA-4 ANTIGEN monoclonal antibody initially indicated for the treatment of certain types of metastatic MELANOMA. Its mode of actions may include blocking of CTLA-4 mediated inhibition of CYTOTOXIC T LYMPHOCYTES, allowing for more efficient destruction of target tumor cells.

Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.

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