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The purpose of this study is to generate information about the hereditary basis of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) and abnormal lung development. Our long-term goal, is to identify ways to pre-treat babies in utero with effective but safe drugs to speed up lung development before birth.
The purpose of this study is to generate information about the hereditary basis of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) and abnormal lung development. Our long-term goal is to identify ways to pre-treat babies in utero with effective but safe drugs to speed up lung development before birth.
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is a frequent and often fatal developmental condition that appears to be caused by diverse, including genetic, factors. This project uses a combination of clinical, molecular biological, and developmental strategies to identify genetic causes of this anomaly.
Ongoing projects at Massachusetts General Hospital include identification of novel genes contributing to lung and diaphragm development in: a) rodent models (using laser capture, microdissection, expression arrays, and statistical and bioinformatics analyses); and b) human kindreds having multiple family members affected with CDH (using linkage analysis and exome sequencing approaches).
In the portion of the project based at Children's Hospital Boston, ongoing projects include: a) continued recruitment of a cohort of patients with CDH who are carefully phenotyped for entry into a structurally sound database; b) collection and storage of biological materials belonging to the phenotyped cohort of patients; c) next-generation sequencing on candidate genes; and d) molecular cytogenetic studies such as Comparative Genomic Hybridization and subtelomeric FISH.
Over 350 patients with CDH, and their parents, have been recruited to date. Efforts are ongoing to triple this number. The knowledge generated by uncovering genes responsible for CDH will provide the foundation for future efforts to develop effective interventions for this potentially devastating syndrome.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Massachusetts General Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:38-0400
The objective of this study is to evaluate the use of 2 different types of biosynthetic material for the repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The research question is: what is the be...
The primary objective of this study is to determine the medical and neurodevelopmental outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors at school-age (4-6 years) follow-up. It ...
To determine the appropriate volume (size) of ventilator breath during volume-targetted ventilation for infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect that occurs when the diaphragm (thin sheet of muscle that separates the abdomen from the chest) does not form properly. When an ope...
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a severe birth defect, with a prevalence of 1:2000 to 1:3000 live births where a defect in the diaphragm results in, herniation of the abdominal contents...
Many infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) show brain abnormality on postnatal brain MRI related to severity of CDH, degree of lung hypoplasia, intrathoracic liver, right diaphragmatic he...
To review temporal changes in perinatal management and one-year survival outcomes of cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) from 1996-2015 in Western Australia (WA).
There has not been a multicenter investigation to elucidate the prevalence and impact of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) on children undergoing cardiac surgery. We investigated the prevalence of...
To review the application of thoracoscopic repair for treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in neonates, so as to improve the cure rate.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is characterized by a defective closure figof the diaphragm occurring as an isolated defect in 60% of cases. Lung size, liver herniation and pulmonary circulation...
The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.
Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.
STOMACH herniation located at or near the diaphragmatic opening for the ESOPHAGUS, esophageal hiatus. When the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION is above the DIAPHRAGM, it is called a SLIDING HIATAL HERNIA. When the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION is below the DIAPHRAGM, it is called a PARAESOPHAGEAL HIATAL HERNIA.
A HERNIA due to an imperfect closure or weakness of the umbilical ring. It appears as a skin-covered protrusion at the UMBILICUS during crying, coughing, or straining. The hernia generally consists of OMENTUM or SMALL INTESTINE. The vast majority of umbilical hernias are congenital but can be acquired due to severe abdominal distention.
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...