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Sunitinib is an anticancer drug, but like most drugs, the effect varies from person to person. This is partly due to a variation in how well each person eradicates the drug from the body. This can lead to toxicity if the drug is eliminated slowly. Just as important is inadvertent underdosing in people who eliminate the drug quickly which may lead to a reduced anti-cancer effect. The investigators group has developed a battery of tests that may measure how an individual clears a drug from their body. The investigators intend to apply these tests to a group of patients taking sunitinib to see whether any test will help predict the level of sunitinib in the body and also the side effects. If a test seems to be promising from this study it may be possible to do a simple test on patients before they receive sunitinib so the best dose is chosen. The tests involve identifying the genes that are involved with drug elimination (CYP3A, ABCB1, ABCG2, OCT1, OATP) as well as directly measuring elimination using marker drugs (midazolam clearance and sestamibi liver clearance).
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
New South Wales
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:46-0400
Colorectal cancer ascertainment through cancer registries, hospital episode statistics, and self-reporting compared to confirmation by clinician: A cohort study nested within the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS).
Electronic health records are frequently used for cancer epidemiology. We report on their quality for ascertaining colorectal cancer (CRC) in UK women.
The study aimed to search and identify genes that were differentially expressed in breast cancer, and their roles in cancer growth and progression.
Breast cancer can be detected at early stages through organised screening. This study explored reasons for non-participation in breast cancer screening among previous cancer patients, who have high ri...
Establishing an accurate histologic diagnosis is essential for determining the appropriate course of therapy for ovarian cancer. This study sought to investigate and describe nonovarian cancer patholo...
Assessing trends in breast cancer survival among young women who are largely unaffected by breast cancer screening will provide important information regarding improvements in the effectiveness of can...
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.
A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...