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Oxygen Saturation Monitoring During Surgery

2014-08-27 03:14:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) have cyclical patterns of lower blood oxygen during sleep because of repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction that cause breathing cessation. When these patients have surgery, anesthetic drugs may worsen these patterns of lower blood oxygen. This study monitors ten patients at high risk for OSA and ten patients at low risk for OSA during surgery. Patterns of lower oxygen saturations should arise in the high risk group but not the low risk group.

Description

Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) have episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep have been shown to be accompanied by multiple oxygen desaturations followed by short recovery intervals until rising PaCO2 causes sleep disruption/rescue arousal. In the postoperative and conscious sedation arena, these patterns can deteriorate from a stable pattern to a severely unstable pattern which may go unrecognized and lead to an adverse event (respiratory/cardiac arrest; death).

Anesthesia and the higher consumption of analgesics produce a profound reduction in pharyngeal tone, a dampening of both chemoreceptor sensitivity and arousal/rescue response. Thus the first 48 hours post operatively presents the initial vulnerable period. Respiratory disturbances are more prominent - respiratory arrest and hypopnea being the main adverse occurrences during this period.

A Saturation Pattern Detection (SPD) algorithm has been developed that has been shown to detect patterns of desaturation that are indicative of repetitive reductions in airflow through the upper airway and into the lungs. Presence of this pattern in the procedural sedation patient population has not been tested for its prevalence. This study will monitor patients during surgery to determine if this pattern occurs in this hospital setting.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

Location

Avista Adventist Hospital
Louisville
Colorado
United States
80027

Status

Completed

Source

Covidien

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.

Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)

HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.

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