Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
GSK1349572 is an integrase inhibitor that is currently in Phase 2 clinical trials for the treatment of HIV infection. As GSK1349572 development progresses, it may be dosed with non-nucleoside HIV reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) including efavirenz (EFV, Sustiva). Efavirenz is a known inducer of CYP3A4. GSK1349572 is primarily metabolized via UGT1A1, however it also has a CYP component to its metabolism, thus a drug interaction between GSK1349572 and EFV is likely. A previous study showed that another NNRTI, etravirine which is also a known inducer of CYP3A and UGT, reduced GSK1349572 exposure significantly. GSK1349572 is not an inhibitor or inducer of CYP3A and is not expected to have impact on pharmacokinetics (PK) of EFV.
This study will investigate the dose proportionality between single doses of 50mg and 100mg of GSK1349572 and will compare steady-state plasma PK, safety and tolerability of GSK1349572 50 mg every 24h (q24h) with and without efavirenz 600 mg q24h. Approximately 12 subjects will receive a single dose of GSK1349572 100 mg (Treatment A) in Period 1 followed by a washout of greater than or equal to 6 days. In Period 2 subjects will receive GSK1349572 50mg q24h for 5 days (Treatment B). Subjects will then be administered GSK1349572 50mg q24h in the morning in combination with EFV 600 mg q24h (Treatment C) in the evening for 14 days in Period 3. There will be no washout between Periods 2 and 3. Safety evaluations and serial PK samples for GSK1349572 will be collected during each treatment period. A follow-up visit will occur 7-14 days after the last dose of study drug.
This study will be conducted at one center in the US, with healthy adult male and female subjects.
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
GSK Investigational Site
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:46-0400
This Phase IIb study in HIV-infected antiretroviral naive subjects will select an optimal once daily dose of GSK1349572 from a range of doses for future evaluation.
To determine safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of GSK1349572
GSK1349572 is an integrase inhibitor that is currently being evaluated for the treatment of HIV infection. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether the addition of a pr...
A study in healthy volunteers to determine whether there is a drug interaction between GSK1349572 and the HIV protease inhibitors lopinavir/ritonavir and darunavir/ritonavir
Mass balance study to determine the recovery of a single radiolabelled dose of GSK1349572 from urine and feces
Efavirenz is used for the management of HIV infection during pregnancy in South Africa (SA), but it is contraindicated in patients with history of depression due to possible suicidal ideation. This st...
Association of CYP2B6 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Altering Efavirenz Metabolism With Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Treatment Relapse Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus/HCV-Coinfected African Americans Receiving Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir in the ION-4 Trial.
In the ION-4 trial, hepatitis C virus relapse was rare, occurring only in African American patients, 80% receiving efavirenz for human immunodeficiency virus infection. We observed no indication that ...
Efavirenz (EFV) and Rifampicin-Isoniazid (RH) are cornerstone drugs in HIV-tuberculosis (TB) co-infection treatment but with complex drug interactions, efficacy and safety challenges. We reviewed rece...
HIV-positive women receiving efavirenz-based ART and levonorgestrel contraceptive implants are at risk of low levonorgestrel exposure and unintended pregnancy.
Efavirenz (EFV), a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), has been widely used in the therapy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Some of its toxic effects on hepatic cel...
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Inhibitor or Reverse Transcriptases or of RNA-dIrected DNA polymerase.
Governmental guidelines and objectives pertaining to public food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet and changes in food habits to ensure healthy diet.
Surgical reinnervation of a denervated peripheral target using a healthy donor nerve and/or its proximal stump. The direct connection is usually made to a healthy postlesional distal portion of a non-functioning nerve or implanted directly into denervated muscle or insensitive skin. Nerve sprouts will grow from the transferred nerve into the denervated elements and establish contact between them and the neurons that formerly controlled another area.
A cytochrome P450 enzyme subtype that oxidizes a diverse array of XENOBIOTICS. The expression of CYP2B6 varies widely between individuals which is due to the high rate of GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS. Examples of drugs metabolized by CYP2B6 include BUPROPION; efavirenz; CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE; and MEPERIDINE.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...