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Women sexual hormones (i.e. estrogen) are involved in the regulation of substrate utilization and storage. Being under oral contraception (OC) may conduct to metabolic and hormonal modifications, but results are confused regarding the impact on substrate utilization. In the present study, the aim is then to explore the effect of hormonal status on substrate utilization during sous-maximal exercise, comparing women with and without OC.
We hypothesised that women under OC have a lower Respiratory Exchange Ratio (RER) at exercise than women without contraception underlying a greater reliance on fat oxidation.
24 healthy young women (12 with OC and 12 without any contraception) will complete a maximal test on an ergometer cycle to obtain their maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max).Their body composition will be assessed by DXA. They will be asked to complete 3 experimental sessions.
During a first session the volunteers will remain inactive, and only a breakfast will be offered. During the second session, a breakfast will be offered and they will have to complete a sub-maximal exercise set at 60% of their VO2max 3 hours after breakfast. And the third session will consist in the realisation of exercise on fast state. Those three sessions will be realized in a randomized order. Several blood (catheter) and salivary samples will be collected during the three sessions, throughout the experimental day.
University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:42-0400
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Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
A set of opposing, nonequilibrium reactions catalyzed by different enzymes which act simultaneously, with at least one of the reactions driven by ATP hydrolysis. The results of the cycle are that ATP energy is depleted, heat is produced and no net substrate-to-product conversion is achieved. Examples of substrate cycling are cycling of gluconeogenesis and glycolysis pathways and cycling of the triglycerides and fatty acid pathways. Rates of substrate cycling may be increased many-fold in association with hypermetabolic states resulting from severe burns, cold exposure, hyperthyroidism, or acute exercise.
Arginine derivative which is a substrate for many proteolytic enzymes. As a substrate for the esterase from the first component of complement, it inhibits the action of C(l) on C(4).
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
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