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This is an open label phase I study, to assess the safety of a novel malaria vaccine, AdCh63 AMA1, simian adenovirus encoding Plasmodium falciparum blood stage antigen, Apical Membrane Antigen -1. All volunteers recruited will be healthy adults. They will be primed with various doses of AdCh63 AMA1 administered intramuscularly. Some of the volunteers will receive a booster vaccination with MVA AMA1 administered via intramuscular route. Safety data will be collected for each of the eight regimens. Secondary aims of this study will be to assess the immune responses generated by each of these regimes.
AMA1 is a type I integral membrane protein. It is produced by mature P. falciparum schizonts in infected erythrocytes AMA1 has become a leading candidate vaccine antigen. This is based on several facts, most notably that in several field studies an association was found between antibodies to the ectodomain of AMA1 and protection against clinical malaria. Also, in the Gambia, presence of antibodies to AMA1 and MSP-1 has been shown to enhance clearance of chloroquine resistant parasites in vivo.
There are a number of trials currently ongoing in Oxford which are aimed at examining a simian adenovirus as a delivery vehicle and liver and blood stage malaria antigens as inserts. AdCh63 is currently in use with the MSP-1 insert, a blood stage antigen, in a phase I dose escalation clinical trial in Oxford (VAC037 / GTAC 166). The trial design includes AdCh63 MSP-1 administered alone and with MVA MSP-1 as part of a heterologous prime boost schedule, with sporozoite challenge of 3 volunteers in the higher dose group. At the most recent interim analysis, AdCh63 MSP-1 demonstrates an excellent safety profile.
Also, AdCh63 is currently in use with the ME-TRAP insert, a liver stage antigen in a phase I dose escalation clinical trial in Oxford, (VAC033 / GTAC133) and a phase I/IIa trial with sporozoite challenge (MAL034 / OXREC: 09/H064/9). AdCh63 ME-TRAP has been administered alone and with MVA ME-TRAP as part of a heterologous prime boost schedule at various doses with excellent safety and immunogenicity to 87 volunteers at time of interim analysis.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
AdCh63 AMA1, AdCh63 AMa1 and MVA AMA1
Hospital for Tropical Diseases
University of Oxford
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:54-0400
This study aims to test the safety and efficacy of six new malaria vaccines - AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP & MVA ME-TRAP. These vaccines consist of inactiva...
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Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.
A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...