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Secretin-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) and Pancreatic Function Following Surgery

2014-08-27 03:14:57 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study will be to determine whether secretin-enhanced MRCP (S-MRCP) as well as traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pancreas will allow the investigators to quantify the pancreas' ability to secrete hormones as well as digestive enzymes, both before and after surgery. The investigators hypothesize that S-MRCP will provide a novel non-invasive measure of pancreatic function.

Description

Surgical resection offers the only hope of cure for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. While perioperative mortality rates have declined in recent years, pancreatectomy is still associated with significant postoperative malnutrition, maldigestion, and glucose intolerance, mostly as a result of pancreatic insufficiency. Quantifying residual pancreatic function remains a challenge, but is essential in improving the survival and quality of life of pancreatic cancer patients. Secretin-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP)has recently emerged as a widely-accepted noninvasive technique to assess morphological changes in the pancreatic ducts, as well as functional secretory capacity of the gland. The aim of our study is to evaluate S-MRCP as a means to assess pancreatic reserve in patients who will undergoing surgical resection for pancreatic carcinoma. As an adjunct to S-MRCP, we will also evaluate the concomitant use of dynamic MRI with contrast enhancement. This will be a prospective study of twelve patients who will undergo S-MRCP/MRI within 30 days of surgery and then at 3, 6, and 12 months post-operatively. Quantitative analysis of S-MRCP will include pancreatic duct diameter and volume before and after secretin administration. MRI will be analyzed for mean T1 signal intensity, total parenchymal volume, and gadolinium enhancement. These radiological parameters will be compared to clinical parameters of exocrine function(subjective reporting of steatorrhea and abdominal pain as well as levels of fecal elastase1 and fat soluble vitamins in stool samples) as well as endocrine function (fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, amylin, glucagon, and somatostatin levels, as well as arginine-stimulated levels of islet cell hormones).

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Intervention

Synthetic Human Secretin

Location

Columbia University Medical Center
New York
New York
United States
10032

Status

Recruiting

Source

Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A peptide hormone of about 27 amino acids from the duodenal mucosa that activates pancreatic secretion and lowers the blood sugar level. (USAN and the USP Dictionary of Drug Names, 1994, p597)

Gram-negative bacterial secretion systems which carry out the secretion of folded proteins.T2SSs secrete folded proteins from the PERIPLASMIC SPACE that have been exported there by SEC TRANSLOCASE or TAT SECRETION SYSTEMS, or they secrete folded proteins directly from the CYTOPLASM. The T2SSs have four substructures, an ATPase, an inner membrane platform, a pseudopilin, and secretin, an outer membrane complex which is a channel for secretion. (This bacterial secretin is not the same as the mammalian hormone also named SECRETIN.)

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

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