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The aim of this study will be to determine whether secretin-enhanced MRCP (S-MRCP) as well as traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pancreas will allow the investigators to quantify the pancreas' ability to secrete hormones as well as digestive enzymes, both before and after surgery. The investigators hypothesize that S-MRCP will provide a novel non-invasive measure of pancreatic function.
Surgical resection offers the only hope of cure for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. While perioperative mortality rates have declined in recent years, pancreatectomy is still associated with significant postoperative malnutrition, maldigestion, and glucose intolerance, mostly as a result of pancreatic insufficiency. Quantifying residual pancreatic function remains a challenge, but is essential in improving the survival and quality of life of pancreatic cancer patients. Secretin-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP)has recently emerged as a widely-accepted noninvasive technique to assess morphological changes in the pancreatic ducts, as well as functional secretory capacity of the gland. The aim of our study is to evaluate S-MRCP as a means to assess pancreatic reserve in patients who will undergoing surgical resection for pancreatic carcinoma. As an adjunct to S-MRCP, we will also evaluate the concomitant use of dynamic MRI with contrast enhancement. This will be a prospective study of twelve patients who will undergo S-MRCP/MRI within 30 days of surgery and then at 3, 6, and 12 months post-operatively. Quantitative analysis of S-MRCP will include pancreatic duct diameter and volume before and after secretin administration. MRI will be analyzed for mean T1 signal intensity, total parenchymal volume, and gadolinium enhancement. These radiological parameters will be compared to clinical parameters of exocrine function(subjective reporting of steatorrhea and abdominal pain as well as levels of fecal elastase1 and fat soluble vitamins in stool samples) as well as endocrine function (fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, amylin, glucagon, and somatostatin levels, as well as arginine-stimulated levels of islet cell hormones).
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening
Synthetic Human Secretin
Columbia University Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:57-0400
The purpose of this study is to develop a test for detection of pancreatic cancer by looking at the subject's DNA.
The aim of our study is to evaluate S-MRCP, in comparison to direct pancreatic function, to measure pancreatic exocrine function in patients who have symptoms suspicious for insufficiency....
The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of multiple doses of secretin on autism.
The aim of our study is to evaluate the utility of S-MRCP in detecting carcinoma and precancerous lesions in patients with a significant family history of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Our hy...
The purpose of the study is to determine whether multiple doses of secretin are safe and effective in the treatment of children with autism.
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive human malignancies and is associated with a dismal prognosis, which can be contributed to its atypical symptoms, metastatic propensity, and significant ...
The role of transcription factors in cancer has attracted significant attention. Although genetic models indicate MIST1 functions as a tumor suppressor in mice, its role in human pancreatic cancer is ...
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers with limited treatment options. Gemcitabine has been the standard drug for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Dasatinib is a competitive inhi...
Elevated phosphoethanolamine (PE) is frequently observed in MRS studies of human cancers and xenografts. The role of PE in cell survival and the molecular causes underlying this increase are, however,...
Pancreatic cancer is a deadly disease with a very low 5-year patient survival rate of 6-8%. The major challenges of eliminating pancreatic cancer are treatment resistance and stromal barriers to optim...
A peptide hormone of about 27 amino acids from the duodenal mucosa that activates pancreatic secretion and lowers the blood sugar level. (USAN and the USP Dictionary of Drug Names, 1994, p597)
Gram-negative bacterial secretion systems which carry out the secretion of folded proteins.T2SSs secrete folded proteins from the PERIPLASMIC SPACE that have been exported there by SEC TRANSLOCASE or TAT SECRETION SYSTEMS, or they secrete folded proteins directly from the CYTOPLASM. The T2SSs have four substructures, an ATPase, an inner membrane platform, a pseudopilin, and secretin, an outer membrane complex which is a channel for secretion. (This bacterial secretin is not the same as the mammalian hormone also named SECRETIN.)
C-type lectins that restrict growth of bacteria in the intestinal epithelia and have bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. They also regulate proliferation and differentiation of KERATINOCYTES following injury. Human pancreatitis-associated protein-1 (Reg3a) is overexpressed by pancreatic ACINAR CELLS in patients with CHRONIC PANCREATITIS. It is also highly expressed by pancreatic, bladder, and gastrointestinal cancer cells and may serve as a diagnostic biomarker.
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...