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The broad, long-term objective of the current research is to improve treatment for stimulant use disorders by augmenting traditional relapse prevention therapy with innovative meditation-based strategies to promote affect regulation skills. Based on Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression (Segal, Teasdale, & Williams, 2002), Marlatt and colleagues recently developed a manualized intervention for the treatment of substance using populations: Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP). The specific aims of this research are 1) To conduct a pilot randomized clinical trial to assess the feasibility of recruiting and retaining individuals for a large scale study and to determine the effect size of MBRP relative to a health education (ED) control group in stimulant users receiving contingency management (CM). Both MBRP and ED participants will be assessed at baseline, treatment-end, and 1 month post-treatment. 2) To test the impact of MBRP compared to ED on negative affect, stimulant use, and health care outcomes. 3) To evaluate the differential effects of MBRP versus ED on HIV-risk behavior of participants, and 4) To examine potential mechanisms of action of MBRP, including reductions in stress reactivity and biological indicators of arousal such as blood pressure and heart rate. The investigators hypothesize that MBRP will be more efficacious than ED in reducing negative affect and stimulant use. Further, the investigators expect that MBRP will produce greater reductions in HIV-risk behaviors, stress reactivity, and arousal, and these changes will be associated with substance use outcomes. MBRP incorporates specific substance-focused cognitive therapy techniques with an additional emphasis on mindfulness skills. By providing coping skills to address affect regulation and stress reactivity, two important factors in stimulant relapse, MBRP may provide a promising augmenting strategy for the treatment of stimulant users.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention, Health Education
Not yet recruiting
University of California, Los Angeles
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:43-0400
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A multi- and interdisciplinary field concerned with improving health and achieving equity in health for all people. It transcends national boundaries, promotes cooperation and collaboration within and beyond health science fields, and combines population-based disease prevention with individually-based patient care.
Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.
Nurses whose goal is to improve health and quality of life in a population or community through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and the promotion of healthy behaviors through public education and awareness.
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.
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