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In the study at hand, six patients with light to moderate Alzheimer's disease will be enrolled and implanted with bilateral electrodes in the nucleus basalis Meynert.
In the study at hand, six patients with light to moderate Alzheimer's disease will be enrolled and implanted with bilateral electrodes in the nucleus basalis Meynert. The stereotactic implantation of the electrodes will be guided by computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance tomography (MRT).
Basically, even though deep brain stimulation is an invasive method, there are only few side effects. Surgical risks correspond with the risk of DBS in morbus Parkinson or other movement disorders (0,4-6%).
After the baseline examination, the patients will be implanted with the electrodes; accordingly all follow-ups are accomplished postoperative. From the second week after the operation, the conventional stimulation takes place as a doubleblind, randomized change between ON and OFF periods. Modifications of the stimulation parameter to obtain the best possible result are possible.
Throughout the one-year observation-period, the patients will be followed closely to monitor the effects of DBS on their cognitive abilities, psychopathological well being, the quality of life, praxie and nutritional condition using standardized neurological and psychiatric rating scales.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Deep brain stimulation
Uni-Klinik Köln AöR
North Rhine Westphalia
University of Cologne
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:58-0400
To investigate the safety of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of severe Alzheimer's disease (AD); to investigate the effectiveness of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of seve...
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Deep brain stimulation is an essential therapeutic tool in Parkinson's disease.
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Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
Abnormal structures located in various parts of the brain and composed of dense arrays of paired helical filaments (neurofilaments and microtubules). These double helical stacks of transverse subunits are twisted into left-handed ribbon-like filaments that likely incorporate the following proteins: (1) the intermediate filaments: medium- and high-molecular-weight neurofilaments; (2) the microtubule-associated proteins map-2 and tau; (3) actin; and (4) UBIQUITINS. As one of the hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE, the neurofibrillary tangles eventually occupy the whole of the cytoplasm in certain classes of cell in the neocortex, hippocampus, brain stem, and diencephalon. The number of these tangles, as seen in post mortem histology, correlates with the degree of dementia during life. Some studies suggest that tangle antigens leak into the systemic circulation both in the course of normal aging and in cases of Alzheimer disease.
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