Effects of a Structured Occupational Therapy Intervention in an Acute Geriatric Unit

2014-08-27 03:14:58 | BioPortfolio


Objectives: To compare the benefits of structured occupational therapy intervention by a single geriatric therapist with the benefits of the conventional treatment model in the functional recovery of patients admitted to an acute geriatric unit.

Design: Non-pharmacological randomised clinical trial. Setting: Acute Geriatric Unit, Albacete, Spain. Participants: The trial included 400 patients admitted consecutively over 6 months to an acute geriatric unit for acute illness or exacerbation of a chronic medical condition. Participants were randomised to the occupational therapy intervention or conventional treatment model group; 198 patients received occupational therapy. All patients completed the study. The mean age was 83.5, and 56.8% were women.

Interventions: Needs assessment, iatrogenic prevention, retraining in basic and instrumental activities of daily living, assessment of need for technical aids, instruction for primary caregiver in patient mobilisation techniques, and structured social and occupational motivation as per protocol in three groups of patients (cardiopulmonary disease, stroke, and other conditions) 5 days a week, 30 to 45 minutes a day over the entire hospital stay.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Occupational Therapy


Occupational therapy intervention


Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete




Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:58-0400

Clinical Trials [2787 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluating the Personal Computer as a Treatment Activity in Occupational Therapy

This study will evaluate the use of the personal computer (PC) in occupational therapy. The results of the study will help occupational therapists develop improved treatment activities usi...

Maintenance of Occupational Therapy for Patients With Alzheimer

France put a massive effort for improving dementia care through a national Alzheimer plan in 2008 and this effort was confirmed by the next government (Neurodegenerative Diseases Plan 2014...

Occupational Therapy Intervention in Patients With Complex Needs to Improve Social Reintegration

A previous study that involved the intervention of the occupational therapist (OT) on complex patients both in hospital and at home showed the effectiveness of OT during hospitalization. T...

Effect of Occupational Therapy in Promoting Medication Adherence in Clients With Hypertension

The purpose of this research study is to see if an occupational therapist can help people wiht high blood pressure find ways to better take their medicine. Participants will be recruited f...

A Mixed Methods Investigation of Equine-assisted Occupational Therapy for Children With Autism

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often participate in equine-assisted interventions, where practitioners partner with horses to improve the health and well-being of the client...

PubMed Articles [15585 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Occupational Therapy Practitioners' Perspectives on Occupation-Based Interventions for Clients With Hip Fracture.

Occupational engagement is the foundation of occupational therapy. We identified perspectives of 18 occupational therapy practitioners on integrating occupation-based interventions during postacute ca...

Leisure as an End, Not Just a Means, in Occupational Therapy Intervention.

Leisure is commonly treated as a means instead of an end goal of intervention. This approach, influenced by history and society's past values, does not reflect the fact that leisure is meaningful and ...

Occupational Therapist-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Pilot Study.

This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an online-assisted, occupational therapist-delivered, cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention to promote physical function in patients...

Evidence for Occupational Therapy Intervention With Employment and Education for Adults With Serious Mental Illness: A Systematic Review.

Many of the estimated 9.8 million American adults with serious mental illness (SMI) want to engage in employment and education, yet the majority report a need for more skills training. This review pre...

Thoroughness and Psychometrics of Fidelity Measures in Occupational and Physical Therapy: A Systematic Review.

This study evaluated the thoroughness and psychometric properties of fidelity measures used by or of relevance to occupational or physical therapy.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of any occupational or work activity for remedial purposes.

Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.

Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.

The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.

The branch of dentistry concerned with maintaining oral health of employees in occupational environments.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effects of a Structured Occupational Therapy Intervention in an Acute Geriatric Unit"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Clincial Trials
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Alzheimer's Disease
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase  'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...

Searches Linking to this Trial