Partnerships to Overcome Obesity Disparities in Hawaii: 18-month CBPR Study

2014-08-27 03:14:58 | BioPortfolio


This is a 5-year community-based participatory research intervention study with the goals of 1) conducting a more definitive study of weight loss maintenance in Native Hawaiians and Pacific Peoples and 2) identifying the aspects of the community-academic partnership that fosters a co-learning and co-equal environment.


Obesity and overweight are well recognized public health concerns in the US and the magnitude of excess weight is greater among racial/ethnic minority populations. For NHs and PPs 70 to 80% of adults are estimated to be overweight or obese. Obesity-related disparities such as diabetes and heart disease (CVD) are also increasing among NHs and PPs. To address obesity and related disparities, a community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership was formed entitled, the Partnership for Improving Lifestyle Interventions (PILI) 'Ohana Program (Pili meaning relationship and 'Ohana meaning family). The PILI 'Ohana Program (POP) consists of 5 community organizations and the Department of Native Hawaiian Health (DNHH) at the John A. Burns School of Medicine (JABSOM) of the University of Hawai'i (UH). With a 3-year CBPR planning grant from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD), the POP was successful at establishing this community-academic partnership aimed at obesity-related disparities in Hawai'i and in implementing a pilot intervention to address weight loss maintenance (the PILI 'Ohana Intervention) in NHs and PPs, which serves as preliminary data for this application. The specific aims are as follow: 1) To identify the aspects of the PILI 'Ohana (family + community focused) Intervention deemed effective by former participants and community-peer educators of the pilot intervention. 2) To test whether a face-to-face or DVD delivery method of the PILI 'Ohana intervention is effective in improving weight loss maintenance versus a control group in NHs and PPs. 3) To identify the strengths of the PILI 'Ohana Program that supports a co-learning and co-equal environment.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention




PILI 'Ohana 18-month weight loss maintenance


Kokua Kalihi Valley
United States




University of Hawaii

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:58-0400

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Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.

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Thin, hairlike appendages, 1 to 20 microns in length and often occurring in large numbers, present on the cells of gram-negative bacteria, particularly Enterobacteriaceae and Neisseria. Unlike flagella, they do not possess motility, but being protein (pilin) in nature, they possess antigenic and hemagglutinating properties. They are of medical importance because some fimbriae mediate the attachment of bacteria to cells via adhesins (ADHESINS, BACTERIAL). Bacterial fimbriae refer to common pili, to be distinguished from the preferred use of "pili", which is confined to sex pili (PILI, SEX).

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