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Among 10 premenopausal women with Metabolic Syndrome:
Specific Aim 1: Compare the effects of acute fat feeding on flow mediated dilation (FMD) as measured by brachial artery reactivity among three fat challenges (saturated fat vs. monounsaturated fat (MUFA) vs. polyunsaturated fat (PUFA)at 4 hours post feeding. Hypothesis Saturated fat feeding will impair FMD but MUFA and PUFA feeding will not.
Specific Aim 2: Compare the effects of acute feeding on vascular inflammation as measured by VCAM and sICAM among three fat challenges at 3 1/2 hours post feeding.
Hypothesis: Saturated fat feeding will increase vascular inflammation but MUFA and PUFA will not.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
University of Washington
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:58-0400
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A condition of metabolic imbalance that is caused by complications of initially feeding a severely malnourished patient too aggressively. Usually occurring within the first 5 days of refeeding, this syndrome is characterized by WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; and DIARRHEA.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
A POSTPARTUM condition consists of persistent lactation (GALACTORRHEA) and AMENORRHEA in patients not BREAST FEEDING.
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