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In a placebo controlled, multi-center, double-blinded trial, treatment of glucocorticoid insufficiency (hydrocortisone associated with fludrocortisone) will be assessed for prevention of post trauma pneumonia in a population of severe TBI patients.
Treatment of glucocorticoid insufficiency in TBI patients remains controversial.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether hydrocortisone associated with fludrocortisone decreases rate of hospital-acquired pneumonia on day-28 in TBI patients with glucocorticoid insufficiency. Glucocorticoid function will be assessed by a corticotropin test (ACTH 0.25 mg). Patients with glucocorticoid insufficiency (basal cortisolemia <15 mcg/dl or post ACTH raise < or = 9 mcg/dl) will be treated for 10 days. Patients with adapted glucocorticoid function will not be treated.
The primary end point will be rate of HAP on day-28 in patients with glucocorticoid insufficiency. Secondary endpoints will be neurological recovery (on day-28, months-3, -6 and -12), mortality (on day-28 and day-365), rate of other infections (on day-28), rate of organ failures (on day-28), mechanical ventilation weaning time, ICU length of stay.
In a double-blinded fashion (randomized on a 1:1 basis), 408 patients receive 200 mg intravenously for 7 days. After 5 days, treatment will be tapered with 10 mg given intravenously for days 8-9, then 50 mg for day 10, and then stopped.
All concomitant treatments, including antibiotics, fluids, vasopressors and ancillary therapies will be given at the discretion of the primary care physician. Evidence-based guidelines for the management of severe trauma brain injury (J Neurotrauma 2007; 24 Suppl 1, S1-106.) are encouraged to be followed. All institution are level I trauma center and university hospital.
All serious adverse events (SAE) which occur between days 0 and 28, which are unexpected and/or considered possibly or probably related to the study medication, must be documented and reported within 24 hours to the Safety and Efficacy Monitoring Committee. Non-serious adverse events will be listed on the case report form if they are unexpected and believed to be related to the study drug during days 0 to 14.
Specific adverse events which will be monitored closely because of their relationship to corticosteroids and trauma are: Use of corticosteroids, i.e. gastrointestinal bleeding and superinfection; hyperglycemia, hypernatremia, muscular weakness, etc.
In addition, substudies will include radiological assessment of hypothalamus and hypophyses,immune and neuro-endocrine interactions, post stress disorder assessment.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Placebo, Hydrocortisone Fludrocortisone, No treatment
Not yet recruiting
Nantes University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:59-0400
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Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
A glucocorticoid with the general properties of corticosteroids. It has been used by mouth in the treatment of all conditions in which corticosteroid therapy is indicated except adrenal-deficiency states for which its lack of sodium-retaining properties makes it less suitable than HYDROCORTISONE with supplementary FLUDROCORTISONE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p737)
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
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