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The effect of cardiac pacing leads on tricuspid regurgitation is unclear. This study will determine whether using a smaller diameter leads and an alternate position in the ventricle, the proximal septum, will reduce tricuspid regurgitation than larger leads placed in the apex.
Leads are commonly placed in the right ventricular apex. It is not known whether placing similar leads higher on the septum where there will be less redundancy or pressure on the septal leaflet will change the extent and severity of tricuspid regurgitation following pacemaker/ICD implantation. Data has shown that right ventricular pacing can give rise to right ventricular dysfunction, which in turn may give rise to enlargement of the right ventricle and cause tricuspid regurgitation.
The study will answer the clinically relevant questions on device lead-related tricuspid regurgitation.
This study is a single center prospective study at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester. The study will enroll 200 eligible subjects and follow for 12 months. 50 pacemaker subjects will be randomized to right ventricular apex pacing 50 pacemaker subjects will be randomized to right ventricular septum pacing 50 pacemaker subjects will be randomized to left ventricular pacing via coronary sinus 50 ICD subjects will be enrolled with right ventricular apex pacing.
A Two Dimensional echo will be performed 24 hours after device implant. If significance TR is present a Three Dimensional echo will be performed. At 12 months post implant heart failure assessment and Two Dimensional echo will be performed.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Echo, Echo, Echo, Echo
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:44-0400
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A type of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING that uses only one nuclear spin excitation per image and therefore can obtain images in a fraction of a second rather than the minutes required in traditional MRI techniques. It is used in a variety of medical and scientific applications.
A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.
Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.
Abnormal protrusion of one or more of the leaflets of TRICUSPID VALVE into the RIGHT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into right atrium leading to TRICUSPID VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS. Its most common cause is not primary valve abnormality but rather the dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE and the tricuspid annulus.
The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the TRICUSPID VALVE. This hinders the emptying of RIGHT ATRIUM leading to elevated right atrial pressure and systemic venous congestion. Tricuspid valve stenosis is almost always due to RHEUMATIC FEVER.
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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...