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Children with healing burns often suffer from pruritus that may continue for many months. Pruritus can be very distressing to the child and can interfere with sleep, activities of daily living, and rehabilitation therapy. Additionally, constant scratching of skin grafts may result in damage that requires further surgery, thus putting the patient at additional risk and adding to health care costs. Although the size of the burn injury is a risk factor for pruritus, almost 50% of patients with small burn injuries reported moderate or severe pruritus.
Gabapentin has been shown to be effective for the treatment of pruritus in adult patients with brachioradial pruritus, uraemic pruritus and pruritus of unknown origin. Although the specific mechanism is unknown, the end result is the downregulation of excitatory neurotransmitter release and decrease in neuronal hyperexcitability.
The primary objective of this study is evaluating the effectiveness of gabapentin in reducing the severity of pruritus in children with burn injuries.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
The Hospital for Sick Children
The Hospital for Sick Children
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:45-0400
To investigate using the drug gabapentin to relieve the intense pruritic sensation associated with chronic renal failure patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.
The evidence regarding effects of pain modulator like gabapentin on postoperative pain after sleeve gastrctomy is sparse. Gabapentin has anti-hyperalgesic and postoperative opioid-sparing ...
Gabapentin is an antiepileptic drug. Its antiemetic effect is demonstrated after laparoscopic surgery, but it is not yet known whether gabapentin is effective in preventing chemotherapy in...
This is a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to compare the incidence and intensity of ITM-induced pruritus and nausea/vomiting using pre-emptive IV ondansetron...
Pruritus is the commonest side effect of intrathecal morphine especially in parturient, but the exact mechanism of pruritus is not clear. Many mechanisms have been suggested. Among these m...
Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant drug widely prescribed for various ailments, including orofacial pain. It was once thought to have no potential for abuse; however, the last decade has seen a dramatic ...
Pruritus is the most commonly occurring subjective symptom of dermatological disease. Published data on both prevalence and intensity of pruritus in psoriasis is limited.
Prescription opioid use is highly associated with risk of opioid-related death, with 1 of every 550 chronic opioid users dying within approximately 2.5 years of their first opioid prescription. Althou...
Cough is a common problem among cancer patients, especially lung cancer patients. Gabapentin has been shown to be effective in reducing cough number and severity in patients with idiopathic refractory...
Pain management after spinal surgery has been studied for years. Gabapentin is a third-generation antiepileptic drug that selectively affects the nociceptive process and has been used for pain relief ...
Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).
Intense chronic itching in the anal area.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Intense itching of the external female genitals.
Inflammation of the VULVA and the VAGINA, characterized by discharge, burning, and PRURITUS.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...