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The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a regulatory system that plays an essential role in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Plasma renin activity (PRA) is a strong and independent predictor of outcome, also in the presence of ACE inhibitors (ACE-i) and/or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Recently, it has been shown that vitamin D regulates renin transcription by activating the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Thus, specific activation of the VDR represents a novel target for therapeutic intervention in CHF. Currently, clinical data are lacking. The investigators aim to investigate the effect of the administration of vitamin D in patients with CHF.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Stable Heart Failure
University Medical Center Groningen
University Medical Centre Groningen
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:03-0400
VINDICATE 2 will be a randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel group, double-blind study of vitamin D versus placebo in otherwise optimally-managed patients with CHF due to LVSD and vitami...
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In 200 patients with documented systolic heart failure give supplementation with vitamin D in those with a 25-OH- vitamin D < 50nmol/L - or placebo. In those with a vitamin D level
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A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.
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