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Smoking is very common among Asian Americans; yet, research on understanding and treating nicotine addiction in this group is very limited. Korean men have been known for very high smoking rates and the highest cancer death rate related to smoking. In contrast, Korean women tend to initiate smoking as they acculturate into social norms of American women. To help Korean smokers in the United States quit smoking, smoking cessation intervention may neet to be culturally adapted and a family-involved approach. The proposed research plan has two phases and evaluates smoking cessation intervention with Korean Americans (N = 164, 50% women). Phase 1 is a pilot study that is aimed at developing an intervention manual of Motivational Interviewing intervention in combination with nicotine patch. Phase 2 is a clinical trial comparing outcomes of the intervention between intervention group and control group. The control group receives only nicotine patches and management of the side effects. In contrast, the intervention group receives culturally adapted motivational interviewing intervention.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
transdermal nicotine patch, motivational interviewing with cultural adaptation
University of Massachusetts Medical School
University of Massachusetts, Worcester
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:04-0400
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A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.
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