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Hepatitis E is a worldwide disease. It is the leading or second leading cause of acute hepatitis in adults in developing countries from sub-Saharan Africa or Southeast Asia, where it is hyperendemic and principally water-borne. In industrialised western countries, hepatitis E was until recently considered as imported from hyperendemic geographical areas, but is currently an emerging autochthonous infectious disease. A growing body of data from Europe, America, Australia, and Asia strongly indicate that pigs represent a major Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) reservoir and might be a source of zoonotic transmission to humans through direct or indirect exposure. Hepatitis E typically causes self-limited acute infection. However, the overall death rate is 1-4%, and it can reach 20% in pregnant women and might be still higher in patients with underlying chronic liver disease. To date, no preventive or curative treatment of hepatitis E is available.
Therefore, the major goal of the study is to analyse for the first time the host responses in kidney-transplant recipients with chronic HEV infection and to compare them to the host responses in kidney-transplant recipients without viral infection (controls), to identify a specific peripheral signature using blood microarray-based gene expression profiling.
Other minor goals are :
1. to assess the incidence of HEV infection in kidney-transplant recipients from south-eastern France, to study the risk factors, and to describe the clinical features and outcomes of chronic HEV infection in kidney-transplant recipients,
2. to compare the peripheral signature to a liver signature in the cases where a liver biopsy is available. If peripheral and liver signatures are parallel, peripheral signature may become a non-invasive tool of exploration of chronic HEV infection in kidney-transplant recipients.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Kidney-transplant Recipients With Chronic Hepatitis E Virus Infection
blood samples and biopsy kidney, blood samples and biopsy kidney
Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:05-0400
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A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show larger-than-normal band of subepithelial COLLAGEN.
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The use of needles usually larger than 14-gauge to remove tissue samples large enough to retain cellular architecture for pathology examination.
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Hepatitis (plural hepatitides) is a medical condition defined by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. The condition can be self-limiting (healing on its own) or can progress to ...