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Safe Passages: Ensuring Quality Transitions From NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit) to Ambulatory Care

2014-08-27 03:15:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Infants born prematurely or with complex congenital abnormalities are surviving to discharge in growing numbers and often require significant monitoring and coordination of care in the ambulatory setting. The specific aims of this project are to determine the effectiveness of a redesigned discharge process that includes a Health Coach and an expanded discharge binder to improve health outcomes in the post discharge follow-up period as compared with usual care. The outcomes to be evaluated include the occurrence of adverse events in the post-discharge period, quality of follow up care, and caregiver satisfaction with the process.

Description

Infants born prematurely or with complex congenital abnormalities are surviving to discharge in growing numbers and often require significant monitoring and coordination of care in the ambulatory setting. These complicated infants have spent all of their lives in the hospital setting, and are strangers in their own homes. Although the transition of the fragile child from intensive care specialist to the ambulatory care provider begins at hospital discharge, it is incomplete until the child receives appropriate outpatient follow-up with a primary care pediatrician. Over this prolonged time period, the child is especially vulnerable to errors related to breakdowns in care coordination and communication because the responsibility for the patient's care is often not clearly specified. Our team of investigators has recently completed a Health Care Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (HFMEA) of the transition from neonatal intensive care to the ambulatory environment. We will expand upon the Care Transitions Intervention developed by Coleman et al that addressed the problems of older adults who were discharged from hospital to home. In this model, advanced practice nurses, trained as coaches, taught patients and families to coordinate care for themselves, fostering independence. We will include the use of a personal health record, to include specific instructions to recognize and self-manage the most common problems in this population and we will use information technology (IT) to enhance communication with families and with community providers, in particular the primary care provider. Having identified that lack of knowledge and skills on the part of community providers about how to manage these infants as an important risk point, we will add to the Coleman intervention by providing "just-in-time" information to the primary care providers to enhance their knowledge and skill in managing the common problems of neonatal nursery graduates, provided electronically via the Texas Children's Hospital (TCH) clinical decision support program.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Infant, Premature

Intervention

Enhanced Discharge process

Location

Texas Children's Hospital
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Baylor College of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:09-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.

A human infant born before 28 weeks of GESTATION.

Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).

Diseases that occur in PREMATURE INFANTS.

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

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