Advertisement

Topics

Acute Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Heart Failure

2014-08-27 03:15:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Acute effects of CPAP on diastolic function in patients with compensated heart failure (CHF) are unknown. The investigators hypothesized that acutely CPAP improves diastolic function, which is associated with increases exercise tolerance.

Objective: To evaluate the acute effects of CPAP on functional capacity and diastolic indices of patients with CHF. This is a randomized trial including 44 patients with compensated heart failure (functional classes II or III, NYHA). Patients will be allocated in CPAP(CPAP with 10cmH2O) or simulated CPAP (null pressure) after computed randomization, in a 1:1 ratio. All subjects shall complete a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) before and after CPAP (30 minutes; 10 cm H2O pressure). Doppler-echocardiogram will be performed before and at the end of CPAP. Wilcoxon or paired t tests were used to compare results, with significance level at p < 0.05.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Heart Failure

Intervention

CPAP

Location

UPECLIN - Botucatu Medical School
Botucatu
Sao Paulo
Brazil
18618-000

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

UPECLIN HC FM Botucatu Unesp

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:10-0400

Clinical Trials [2292 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of CPAP Treatment of OSA in Patients With Heart Failure

The purpose of this study is to see if treatment of OSA with the CPAP device makes a difference to insulin resistance and heart disease.

The Role of Sleep Apnea in the Acute Exacerbation of Heart Failure

This study will evaluate whether treating sleep apnea while in the hospital would help heart failure, and assist recovery from the worsening of the heart function more than the current cl...

Comparison of Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) With Conventional CPAP for Extubation in Preterm Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) Infants

The objective of this study is to evaluate whether CPAP delivered by bubble CPAP resulted in a greater proportion of infants being successfully extubated when compared with management with...

CPAP Therapy in Patients With Heart Failure and Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Heart failure affects approximately 5-6 million North Americans and is increasing in prevalence. Sleep-related disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) often coexist (11-37% incid...

CPAP Treatment and Postoperative Outcomes in Patients With Rheumatic Valvular Heart Disease

The prevalence of OSA (Obstructive sleep apnea,OSA) is 2%-4% in general population and 16%-47% in surgical-heart failure patients. Our previous study found that OSA was associated with t...

PubMed Articles [6926 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

An East-West comparison of self-care barriers in heart failure.

Barriers in heart failure self-care contribute to heart failure hospitalizations, but geographic differences have not been well-studied. We aimed to compare self-care barriers in heart failure patient...

Palliative care needs of heart failure patients in China: putting people first.

Recognizing the rising prevalence of heart failure in China, patients with heart failure have substantial palliative needs. This review highlights recent evidence on the epidemic of heart failure, ide...

Management of acute heart failure in adult patients with congenital heart disease.

Heart failure is an increasing reason for hospitalization and the leading cause of death in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Recently, the European Society of Cardiology and the Am...

Atrial remodelling in heart failure: recent developments and relevance for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Serum Neprilysin and Recurrent Admissions in Patients With Heart Failure.

Our aim was to evaluate the association between the soluble form of neprilysin (sNEP) levels and long-term all-cause, cardiovascular, and acute heart failure (AHF) recurrent admissions in an ambulator...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

More From BioPortfolio on "Acute Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Heart Failure"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Searches Linking to this Trial