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Acute effects of CPAP on diastolic function in patients with compensated heart failure (CHF) are unknown. The investigators hypothesized that acutely CPAP improves diastolic function, which is associated with increases exercise tolerance.
Objective: To evaluate the acute effects of CPAP on functional capacity and diastolic indices of patients with CHF. This is a randomized trial including 44 patients with compensated heart failure (functional classes II or III, NYHA). Patients will be allocated in CPAP(CPAP with 10cmH2O) or simulated CPAP (null pressure) after computed randomization, in a 1:1 ratio. All subjects shall complete a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) before and after CPAP (30 minutes; 10 cm H2O pressure). Doppler-echocardiogram will be performed before and at the end of CPAP. Wilcoxon or paired t tests were used to compare results, with significance level at p < 0.05.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
UPECLIN - Botucatu Medical School
Enrolling by invitation
UPECLIN HC FM Botucatu Unesp
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:10-0400
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A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).