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Gamma-Secretase Inhibitor RO4929097 in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors, CNS Tumors, Lymphoma, or T-Cell Leukemia

2014-07-24 14:06:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II clinical trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 and to see how well it works in treating young patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, CNS tumors, lymphoma, or T-cell leukemia.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To estimate the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and recommend a phase II dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administered orally to children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors or lymphoma on two schedules: once daily orally on a 3-day on/4-day off weekly schedule (schedule A) or once daily for 5 consecutive days weekly schedule (schedule B).

- To define and describe the toxicities of this drug administered on these schedules to children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, lymphoma, or T-cell leukemia.

- To estimate the MTD and recommended phase II dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administered with dexamethasone.

- To define and describe the toxicities of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administered with dexamethasone.

- To characterize the pharmacokinetics of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 in children with refractory cancer.

Secondary

- To preliminarily define the antitumor activity of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 in children with solid or CNS tumors and lymphoma within the confines of a phase I study.

- To obtain initial efficacy data on the antitumor activity of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 when combined with dexamethasone in children with relapsed-refractory T-cell leukemia (T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]).

- To study the effect of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 on Hes1 (hairy/enhancer of split) and other components of the Notch signaling pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and/or T-ALL blasts. (exploratory)

- To examine archival tumor samples for expression of JAGGED1, JAGGED2, cleaved NOTCH1, and HES1, and HES5 by IHC and for amplification of NOTCH1 or NOTCH2 using FISH analysis. (exploratory)

- To preliminarily assess changes following treatment with gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 using FDG PET imaging. (exploratory)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I, dose-escalation study of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097. Patients are enrolled sequentially to group A or B.

- Group A: Patients receive oral gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, 15-17, and 22-24. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Group B: Patients receive oral gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, and 22-26. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients may also receive concurrent oral dexamethasone twice daily on the days of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administration.

Blood, plasma, bone marrow, and tumor tissue samples may be collected at baseline and periodically during the first course for correlative lab and tumor studies, including pharmacokinetics.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 30 days.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

dexamethasone, gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097, laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacological study

Location

Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis
Indiana
United States
46202-5289

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:06:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Integral membrane protein of Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum. Its homodimer is an essential component of the gamma-secretase complex that catalyzes the cleavage of membrane proteins such as NOTCH RECEPTORS and AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN precursors. PSEN2 mutations cause ALZHEIMER DISEASE type 4.

Integral membrane proteins and essential components of the gamma-secretase complex that catalyzes the cleavage of membrane proteins such as NOTCH RECEPTORS and AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN precursors. Mutations of presenilins lead to presenile ALZHEIMER DISEASE with onset before age 65 years.

An analogue of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. It is an irreversible inhibitor of 4-AMINOBUTYRATE TRANSAMINASE, the enzyme responsible for the catabolism of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. (From Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)

Endopeptidases that are specific for AMYLOID PROTEIN PRECURSOR. Three secretase subtypes referred to as alpha, beta, and gamma have been identified based upon the region of amyloid protein precursor they cleave.

A rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor subtype that has a unique C-terminal alpha helical membrane-binding domain. It is found bound to CYTOPLASMIC VESICLES such as those associated with the GOLGI APPARATUS.

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