Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The Community Youth Development Study is an experimental test of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention planning system. It is designed to find out if communities that use the CTC system can improve the public health by reducing rates of adolescent drug use, delinquency, violence, and risky sexual behavior when compared to communities that do not use this approach.
Preventing alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use; delinquency; violence; and health-risking sexual behavior among adolescents is a national priority. While advances in prevention science over the past two decades have produced a growing list of tested and effective programs and policies for preventing these behaviors, widespread dissemination and high-quality implementation of these effective programs and policies in communities has not been achieved. The development and testing of approaches for translating prevention research findings into effective community prevention service systems is important to achieve reductions in the prevalence of adolescent health and behavior problems.
The Community Youth Development Study (CYDS) is a randomized community-level test of the effects of Communities That Care (CTC) on prevention systems and adolescent behavior. The CTC system provides tools, training, and technical assistance that assist communities to use local epidemiologic data on risk and protective factors to identify and prioritize specific elevated risks and depressed protective factors and then to choose and implement tested, effective preventive interventions that have affected the prioritized risk and protective factors. The CTC system is hypothesized first to produce effects on key characteristics of community prevention service systems, which, in turn, produce subsequent effects on community levels of risk and protective factors in 2 to 5 years, and effects on youth problem behaviors in 3 to 10 years.
The current study assesses the effects of installation and implementation of CTC during the time period in which the CTC system is expected to produce its strongest effects on youth problem behaviors; that is, from 5 to 9 years following its initial installation. During this study, youths in the longitudinal panel followed from Grades 5 through 9 in the initial study will pass through high school, the developmental period of greatest risk for delinquent and violent behavior, and a period of greatly increasing substance use and problems related to substance use. The study will assess the long-term effects of CTC on community prevention service systems and on adolescent risk and problem behaviors for 4 years following the end of study-provided resources that supported the implementation of CTC in the 12 intervention communities during the initial efficacy trial.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Communities That Care
University of Washington
Enrolling by invitation
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:48-0400
The initial phase of substance abuse treatment is a vulnerable period for relapse. Cognitive impairments are common during this phase and may reduce the ability to benefit from other forms...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of a computerized working memory training program on substance abuse, psychosocial functioning, cognitive performance and psychiatric ...
Substance abuse is a growing problem world wide, and treatment of substance abusers in the perioperative period, especially for emergency operation is challenging. The objectives of this s...
Intimate partner violence is a significant societal problem. However, treatment of IPV perpetrators is far from effective, which may be partly due to the fact that the role of substance ab...
This one-year pilot study has two specific aims: 1. to determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture and the relaxation response for substance abuse ...
In response to an increased need to care for babies born to mothers with substance abuse issues, we developed GunderKids, a care management program that provides integrated medical care beyond standar...
From 2013 to 2017 the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services redacted Medicare claims that included diagnosis or procedure codes related to substance abuse. The redaction policy was in effect as t...
To evaluate whether the effects of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, implemented in early adolescence to promote positive youth development and reduce health-risking behavior, endured...
Latino men are disproportionately affected by the consequences of alcohol and substance abuse when compared to non-Latino white men. Latino men also face greater barriers to accessing, engaging, and c...
Adding Resistance Training to the Standard of Care for Inpatient Substance Abuse Treatment in Men With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Improves Skeletal Muscle Health Without Altering Cytokine Concentrations.
Vingren, JL, Curtis, JH, Levitt, DE, Duplanty, AA, Lee, EC, McFarlin, BK, and Hill, DW. Adding resistance training to the standard of care for inpatient substance abuse treatment in men with human imm...
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.
Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.
Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...