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Measuring Quality of Medical Student Performance at Contextualizing Care

2014-08-27 03:15:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

During the project, fourth-year medical students participating in a Medicine sub-internship will be randomized to an intervention group or a control group; the intervention group will receive additional training in the application of qualitative methodology to elicit and incorporate contextual factors in the clinical encounter. All students will participate in an SP assessment consisting of four SPs, blinded to trial arm, presenting cases with and without important biomedical and contextual factors in a counterbalanced factorial design. Performance will be compared between trial arms; the investigators hypothesize better performance in the intervention arm. In addition, performance will be compared with USMLE Step 2 clinical knowledge scores to determine whether contextualizing ability is independent of clinical knowledge, and consistency of performance across individual SP cases will be studied to determine the number of cases necessary to achieve sufficient reliability for the assessment to be used.

Description

Clinical decision making requires two distinct skills: the ability to classify patients' conditions into diagnostic and management categories that permit the application of "best evidence" guidelines, and the ability to individualize or - more precisely - to contextualize care for patients whose circumstances and needs require variation from the standard approach to care. Most assessment in medical education places heavy emphasis on biomedical decision-making with little emphasis on how to incorporate contextual factors that may be essential to planning patients' care.

The goal of this project is to demonstrate and provide validity evidence for an innovative standardized patient (SP) method of assessing medical students in the clinical years on their ability to detect and respond to individual contextual factors in a patient encounter that overcomes the aforementioned challenges.

During the project, fourth-year medical students participating in a Medicine sub-internship will be randomized to an intervention group or a control group; the intervention group will receive additional training in the application of qualitative methodology to elicit and incorporate contextual factors in the clinical encounter. All students will participate in an SP assessment consisting of four SPs, blinded to trial arm, presenting cases with and without important biomedical and contextual factors in a counterbalanced factorial design. Performance will be compared between trial arms. In addition, performance will be compared with USMLE Step 2 clinical knowledge scores to determine whether contextualizing ability is independent of clinical knowledge, and consistency of performance across individual SP cases will be studied to determine the number of cases necessary to achieve sufficient reliability for the assessment to be used.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)

Conditions

Education, Medical, Undergraduate

Intervention

Contextualization workshop

Location

University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60612

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Illinois

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:10-0400

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