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To show that the early administration of bivalirudin improves 30 day outcomes when compared to the current standard of care in patients with ST segment elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome (STE-ACS), intended for a primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) management strategy, presenting either via ambulance or to centres where PCI is not performed.
The purpose of the trial is to show that the early administration of bivalirudin improves 30 day outcomes when compared to the current standard of care in patients with STE-ACS, with an onset of symptoms of >20 minutes and <12 hours, intended for a primary PCI management strategy, presenting either via ambulance or to centres where PCI is not performed.
All patients are to receive treatment with aspirin (150-325 mg oral or 250-500 mg IV) followed by 75-100 mg/day for at least 1 year and a P2Y12 receptor blocker (such as clopidogrel 300 mg or 600 mg followed by 75 mg daily) as soon as logistically feasible.
The primary objectives of the trial are to show that, when compared with standard anti-thrombotic therapies other than bivalirudin (which includes treatment with unfractionated heparin and optional GPI) that at 30 days:
• Bivalirudin is superior to control at reducing a composite of death, re-infarction (MI) or non-CABG-related protocol major bleeding.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
ST Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome
Wilhelminenspital MA 6 - BA 19
The Medicines Company
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:11-0400
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Outcomes in elderly and young patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention with bivalirudin versus heparin: Pooled analysis from the EUROMAX and HORIZONS-AMI trials.
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ST-segment elevation is well known for its diagnostic value for transmural myocardial infarction due to acute thrombotic occlusion of a coronary artery, and often requires emergency reperfusion therap...
The efficacy and safety of bivalirudin in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains controversial despite recent evidence fro...
Vasospastic angina is caused by sudden occlusive vasoconstriction of a segment of an epicardial artery, with transient ST-segment elevation on electrocardiography. Brugada Syndrome is an inherited arr...
The acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is subdivided into ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and unstable angina pectoris. It po...
A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
A piperazine derivative and PLATELET AGGREGATION INHIBITOR that is used to prevent THROMBOSIS in patients with ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME; UNSTABLE ANGINA and MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, as well as in those undergoing PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTIONS.
A clinical syndrome characterized by the development of CHEST PAIN at rest with concomitant transient ST segment elevation in the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, but with preserved exercise capacity.
A malformation that is characterized by a muscle bridge over a segment of the CORONARY ARTERIES. Systolic contractions of the muscle bridge can lead to narrowing of coronary artery; coronary compression; MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH.
A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).
Acute Coronary Syndromes ACS
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where the blood supplied to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked. Treatment for acute coronary syndrome includes medicines and a procedure known as angioplasty, during which doctors inflat...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...