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- New vaccines against avian influenza, also known as "bird flu," are being developed and require testing to determine if they are safe and effective and whether they have any side effects. Researchers are interested in testing two experimental avian influenza vaccines to see whether they are safe, if there are any side effects from the vaccines, and how the body's immune response differs in response to different vaccination schedules. One vaccine is an inactivated vaccine (made with killed or weakened influenza) and one is a DNA vaccine that allows the body to use vaccine to make an immune system response to a specific part of an avian influenza protein.
- To determine the safety and potential side effects of two experimental vaccines against avian influenza.
- To evaluate whether the time between the two experimental vaccine injections affects the immune response to the vaccine.
- Healthy individuals between 18 and 60 years of age.
- Participants will be randomly divided (by chance) into six groups to receive two injections of vaccine at different intervals. One group will receive only the inactivated vaccine, while the other groups will receive the DNA vaccine followed by the inactivated vaccine at different intervals (e.g., 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks or 24 weeks later).
- Participants will remain at the clinical center for at least 30 minutes after each vaccination. A few days after each injection, participants will contact staff by telephone or have a clinic visit. Participants will also be asked to complete a diary card at home for 5 days to keep track of temperature changes, injection site skin changes, and other effects.
- Four weeks after the first injection, participants will return for a clinic visit and to provide blood samples for testing.
- Two weeks after the second injection, participants will return for a clinic visit and provide blood samples (collected through apheresis) to provide information on immune response to the vaccine.
An Open-Label, Randomized Phase I Study in Healthy Adults of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Prime-Boost Intervals with Monovalent Influenza Subunit Virion (H5N1) Vaccine, A/Indonesia/05/2005 (Sanofi Pasteur, Inc), Administered Alone or Following Recombinant DNA Plasmid (H5) Vaccine, VRC-AVIDNA036-00-VP (VRC, NIAID)
This is a Phase I, randomized, open-label study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of prime-boost vaccination regimens against the influenza virus hemagglutinin H5. One group will receive A/Indonesia/05/2005 (inactivated H5N1) vaccine as both prime and boost, and the other groups will receive the VRC-AVIDNA036-00-VP (DNA) vaccine as prime with inactivated H5N1 boost but with various boost intervals. The VRC 310 study will provide data from different prime-boost schedules to identify whether homologous or heterologous schedules result in a better antibody response as well as which interval of time between vaccinations is associated with the best immune response. The hypothesis is that all of the study regimens will be safe for human administration and will elicit antibody and T cell responses against the H5 protein. The primary objectives are to evaluate the safety and tolerability of the investigational vaccine regimens, at a dose of 4 mg for the DNA vaccine and 90 microg for the inactivated H5N1, in healthy adults. Secondary and exploratory objectives are related to the immunogenicity of the study vaccine regimens and identification of an interval between prime and boost that has the highest frequency of strong immune responses.
The inactivated H5N1 vaccine is monovalent subunit virion vaccine, A/Indonesia/05/2005 clade 2, manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur, Inc (Swiftwater, PA). Vaccine vials will be supplied at 90 microg/0.5mL. The VRC-AVIDNA036-00-VP vaccine was developed and manufactured by VRC, NIAID and is composed of a single closed-circular DNA plasmid that encodes the H5 protein with a CMV/R promoter. Vaccine vials will be supplied at 4 mg/mL. Each vaccination will be administered intramuscularly (IM) in the deltoid muscle using needle and syringe for the H5N1 vaccine and the Biojector 2000 Needle-Free Injection Management System (Biojector) for the DNA vaccine.
A total of 60 healthy adults, ages 18-60 years will be enrolled.
Subjects will be simultaneously randomized equally into one of 6 groups. Subjects and clinicians will be blinded to group assignment until Day 0 following completion of the enrollment. At the point of enrollment the randomly assigned regimen will become known to subjects and clinicians. Subjects will receive two injections on the schedule shown in the schema. The protocol requires 5 or 6 clinic visits, depending upon the group, and telephone follow-up contact after the first study injection.
Each participant will complete clinical follow up through 8 weeks after the second vaccination. Duration of time on study will vary from 12 to 32 weeks depending upon the Group.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype
VRC-AVIDNA036-00-VP, Monovalent Influenza Subunit Virion (Inactive H5N1) Vaccine
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Active, not recruiting
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:12-0400
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A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed or attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
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