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Inspiratory Muscle Training After Gastroplasty

2014-08-27 03:15:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of post-operative inspiratory muscle training on muscle strength and endurance in patients with obesity submitted to gastroplasty.

Description

Gastroplasties, like other major abdominal surgeries, induce mechanical changes in the lungs and decreases of the respiratory muscle strength in the post-operative periods. Depending on the occurrence of pre-existing disturbs, obese patients may exhibit severe declines of respiratory function after these surgeries.

Post-operative respiratory physiotherapy is a valuable intervention, involving a set of techniques aimed to expand pulmonary volumes and to improve arterial oxygenation, leading to decreases on the development of atelectasis and pneumonias. It induces faster recovery of respiratory function and reduction of lung complications, what may be particularly important in high-risk patients like over-weighted subjects.

There are scanty data about the role of respiratory muscle training in the post-operative period. This is particularly true regarding inspiratory muscle training of obese patients submitted to gastroplasties.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Obesity

Intervention

inspiratory muscle training, control group

Location

Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of Sao Paulo
Ribeirão Preto
São Paulo
Brazil
14049-900

Status

Completed

Source

University of Sao Paulo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.

Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.

An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.

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