Advertisement

Topics

Impact of Health Literacy on Outcomes and Effectiveness of Shared Decision Making Programs in Patients With Chronic Diseases

2014-08-27 03:15:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Study objective was to explore the impact of health literacy on effectiveness of an educational intervention describing life-style and behavior modification for patients "Living with Coronary Artery Disease." Our hypothesis was that a VHS/DVD version of this educational program would be "superior" to printed material alone in its impact on patients' knowledge about coronary artery disease and important life-style changes. Furthermore, we believed this effect would be most notable among patients with low health literacy. We also were interested in the impact of the interventions on secondary outcomes including - health behaviors, health outcomes and patients' subjective experiences.

Description

187 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were randomized to one of two educational interventions prior to scheduled ambulatory visit: VHS/DVD plus printed booklet; or booklet alone. Main measures included health literacy, CAD knowledge assessment; clinical outcomes and health behaviors including - blood pressure, weight, smoking status, exercise and dietary habits.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Intervention

Educational Intervention - Text plus DVD/VHS, Educational Intervention - Text Only

Location

General Internal Medicine Hoxworth Practices
Cincinnati
Ohio
United States
45267

Status

Completed

Source

University of Cincinnati

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:19-0400

Clinical Trials [5327 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Text Messaging in Healthcare Utilization

Our overall goal is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of using text messages as an educational tool in order to improve health care utilization among the parents and caregivers o...

FluSAFE: Flu SMS Alerts to Freeze Exposure

Influenza infection results in an estimated 31 million outpatient visits, 55,000 to 974,200 hospitalizations, and 3,000 to 49,000 deaths. Membership in household in which someone else has ...

Reducing Acute Coronary Syndrome Patient Delay

1. To test the effectiveness of the theory-based interventions (text+visual and text-only BCT-based interventions) against usual care in changing patients' intentions to phone am...

Text Message Based Maintenance Intervention

The study presents findings from a randomized clinical trial evaluating the effects of text messages encouraging short emotion regulation exercises on the course of psychopathological symp...

A Text Messaging Program for Smokers in Primary Care

This study is a four arm pilot randomized controlled trial testing the effect of a 12 week text messaging intervention and a mailed nicotine medication intervention, alone and in combinati...

PubMed Articles [5203 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Designing and testing an educational innovation.

Technology provides an opportunity to develop innovations to improve the way we teach. Developing educational innovations must be approached in a methodical and thorough manner to identify the educati...

Effectiveness of a peer-mediated educational intervention in improving general practitioner diagnostic assessment and management of dementia: a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Test effectiveness of an educational intervention for general practitioners (GPs) on quality of life and depression outcomes for patients.

A Matter of Urgency: Reducing Clinical Text Message Interruptions During Educational Sessions.

Text messaging is increasingly replacing paging as a tool to reach physicians on medical wards. However, this phenomenon has resulted in high volumes of nonurgent messages that can disrupt the learnin...

Effect of Educational Intervention on Self-Sampling Acceptability and Follow-Up Paps in Border Dwelling Hispanic Females.

The aims of the study were to evaluate the effect of a community outreach worker (promotora)-led high-intensity educational intervention compared with control without promotora-led intervention on cer...

Engagement with a Text-Messaging Intervention Improves Adherence in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: Brief Report.

Adherence to diabetes management is a challenge for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Positive psychology interventions have improved adherence to treatment recommendations in adults with chroni...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.

The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

More From BioPortfolio on "Impact of Health Literacy on Outcomes and Effectiveness of Shared Decision Making Programs in Patients With Chronic Diseases"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topic

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Trial