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Impact of Health Literacy on Outcomes and Effectiveness of Shared Decision Making Programs in Patients With Chronic Diseases

2014-08-27 03:15:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Study objective was to explore the impact of health literacy on effectiveness of an educational intervention describing life-style and behavior modification for patients "Living with Coronary Artery Disease." Our hypothesis was that a VHS/DVD version of this educational program would be "superior" to printed material alone in its impact on patients' knowledge about coronary artery disease and important life-style changes. Furthermore, we believed this effect would be most notable among patients with low health literacy. We also were interested in the impact of the interventions on secondary outcomes including - health behaviors, health outcomes and patients' subjective experiences.

Description

187 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were randomized to one of two educational interventions prior to scheduled ambulatory visit: VHS/DVD plus printed booklet; or booklet alone. Main measures included health literacy, CAD knowledge assessment; clinical outcomes and health behaviors including - blood pressure, weight, smoking status, exercise and dietary habits.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Intervention

Educational Intervention - Text plus DVD/VHS, Educational Intervention - Text Only

Location

General Internal Medicine Hoxworth Practices
Cincinnati
Ohio
United States
45267

Status

Completed

Source

University of Cincinnati

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:19-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.

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