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Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) remains one of the major leading causes of death. Cognitive deficits are common in survivors of SCA. Postresuscitative mild induced hypothermia (MIH) lowers mortality and reduces neurologic damage after cardiac arrest. The investigators evaluated the long term neurological outcome after mild hypothermia after restoration of spontaneous circulation.
Consecutive patients with restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after resuscitation due to out-of-hospital SCA, admitted to our intensive care unit, underwent MIH. Hypothermia was induced by infusion of cold saline and whole-body-cooling methods (electronic randomization: invasive Coolgard or non-invasive ArcticSun). The core body temperature was operated at 32 to 34 °C over a period of 24 hours followed by active rewarming. Neurological status was evaluated at hospital discharge and 6 months after discharge using the Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Category (CPC).
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
University of Leipzig
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:23-0400
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Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.
The omission of atrial activation that is caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a prolonged pause without P wave in an ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. Sinus arrest has been associated with sleep apnea (REM SLEEP-RELATED SINUS ARREST).
Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.
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