Prophylactic Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in Delivery Room, in the Prevention of Transient Tachypnea of Newborn (TTN): A Randomized Controlled Trial

2014-08-27 03:15:23 | BioPortfolio


Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn (TTN) is a disorder of delayed clearance of lung liquid and a common cause of admission of full term infants and late pre term infants (34 to 36 weeks) to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU). Both late preterm gestational age at delivery, and mode of delivery are considered risk factors for TTN. The investigators hypothesize that CPAP administered prophylactically in the Delivery Room via a T piece based infant resuscitator Neopuff, to neonates at increased risk for TTN, would decrease the incidence of TTN and thus decrease the need for hospitalization in the NICU. This is a pilot study to evaluate the prophylactic administration of CPAP in the Delivery Room towards prevention of TTN and it's effects on natriuretic peptides.The study will be conducted as a randomized control trial after obtaining informed consents from the parents of eligible infants. Infants will be randomized to receive either experimental treatment (prophylactic CPAP) or standardized care.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Prevention


Transient Tachypnea


Prophylactic CPAP Administration


New York Hospital Queens
New York
United States




New York Hospital Queens

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:23-0400

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Correction: Infant CPAP for low-income countries: An experimental comparison of standard bubble CPAP and the Pumani system.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196683.].

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal increase in RESPIRATORY RATE in the newborn. It is self-limiting and attributed to the delayed fetal lung fluid clearance often in CAESAREAN SECTION delivery.

Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.

Studies performed to evaluate the safety of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in healthy subjects and to determine the safe dosage range (if appropriate). These tests also are used to determine pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties (toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, and preferred route of administration). They involve a small number of persons and usually last about 1 year. This concept includes phase I studies conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.

The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.


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