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Thoracic Paravertebral Block for Postoperative Analgesia After Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery.

2014-08-27 03:15:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The use of paravertebral catheters is a recommended technique to achieve postoperative analgesia after thoracic surgery. To date there is no consensus on which drug regime (local anesthetics with or without opioid) is best. The aim of this prospective clinical trial is to determine wether the use of ropivacaine and sufentanil injected through a thoracic paravertebral catheter results in decreased acute postoperative pain compared with plain ropivacaine in patients after thoracoscopic lung surgery.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pain, Postoperative

Intervention

Ropivacaine + Sufentanil, Ropivacaine

Location

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hopital Louis Pradel, Department of Anesthesiology
Bron
France
69500

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hospices Civils de Lyon

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

Pain during the period after surgery.

A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.

Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.

Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).

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