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The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled study is to prove the non-inferiority of UFT maintenance therapy to BCG maintenance therapy for preventing recurrences of superficial bladder cancer.
Patients who have undergone transurethral resection of a superficial bladder tumor (TUR-Bt) and BCG induction therapy are eligible for enrollment in this study. In principle, BCG induction therapy consists of the successive weekly intravesical administration of 81 mg of BCG-Connaught strain or 80 mg of BCG-Japan strain for 6 - 8 weeks after the completion of TUR-Bt.
The patients will be randomly assigned to a BCG maintenance therapy arm or a UFT maintenance therapy arm. The patients in the BCG maintenance therapy arm will be treated with 3 successive weekly intravesical administrations of BCG at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months after the end of BCG induction therapy. The dosage of BCG used for BCG maintenance therapy will be the same as that used for BCG induction therapy. Patients in the UFT maintenance therapy arm will be treated with the oral administration of 400 mg of UFT everyday for three years after the end of BCG induction therapy.
The primary endpoint of this study is the three-year relapse-free survival rate.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Bacille Calmette-Guerin, uracil-tegafur
Department of Urology, Teikyo University Hospital
Urological Oncology Council of Northern Tokyo
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:15:23-0400
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Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
An enzyme that catalyzes the HYDROLYSIS of the N-glycosidic bond between sugar phosphate backbone and URACIL residue during DNA synthesis.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
Nitrogen mustard derivative of URACIL. It is a alkylating antineoplastic agent that is used in lymphatic malignancies, and causes mainly gastrointestinal and bone marrow damage.
Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.
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